Benevolence is counted as a princely value, in the Confucian value system, benevolence is usually taught to monarchs and emperors as a value is required of them.

Confucius will say” Let but a prince cultivate virtue  , People will flock to him; with people  come to him lands;  lands will bring forth for him wealth; wealth will give him the benefit of right uses,. Virtue is the root, wealth is the outcome”. “Never has there been a case of a sovereign loving benevolence, and the people not loving righteousness”

In the period of Feudalism, many feudalistic society almost became militaristic, but it is Benevolence which help to spare the people from despotism in its worst kind. It is benevolence to produce humanistic rulers who could form Paternal government, which is different from despotism. The main difference between the 2 is that people in a despotism government tend to obey reluctantly, while the people on the other side obey and submit to their rulers in proud  submission, and they are willing to give their all to the state.

Benevolence can be viewed as tender and mother-like, much in contrast with Rectitude and justice. However, the link between the 2 is that “Rectitude carried in excessive manner brings on stiffness, while benevolence without measure sinks into weakness.

Japanese tend to use the term “Bushi No Nasake” – The tenderness of a warrior, this type of mercy is not from blind impulse,  it is taken with justice in mind and backed with the power to save or kill.

Benevolence bond up in a warrior help to reduce the bloodthirsty, warlike or barbaric side of a warrior, the samurai will agree with the phrase spoken by Mencious “Benvolance brings under it sway, whatever that hinders its power, just like how water quenches the fire.” A benovalent man is always mindful to those who are suffering or are in distress. Which brings this close to sympathy.

One of the more practical depiction is this, One who is familair with Japanese art will remember seeing this painting of a priest riding backwards on a cow.The rider was once a warrior who in his day made his name a by-word of terror. In that terrible battle of Sumano-ura, (1184 A. D.) which was one of the most decisive battle in Japanese history,he overtook an enemy and in single combat had him in the clutch of his gigantic arms. Now the etiquette of war required that on such occasions no blood should be spilt, unless the weaker party proved to be a man of rank or ability equal to that of the stronger. The grim combatant would have the name of the man under him; but he refusing to make it known, his helmet was ruthlessly tom off, when the sight of a juvenile face, fair and beardless, made the astonished knight relax his hold. Helping the youth to his feet, in paternal tones he bade the stripling go: “Off, young prince, to thy mother’s side! The sword of Kumagayé shall never be tarnished by a drop of thy blood. Haste and flee o’er yon pass before thine enemies come in sight!” The young warrior refused to go and begged Kumagayé,

for the honour of both, to dispatch him on the spot. Above the hoary head of the veteran gleams the cold blade, which many a time before has sundered the chords of life, but his stout heart quails; there flashes athwart his mental eye the vision of his own boy, who this self-same day marched to the sound of bugle to try his maiden arms; the strong hand of the warrior quivers; again he begs his victim to flee for his life. Finding all his entreaties vain and hearing the approaching steps of his comrades, he exclaims: “If thou art overtaken, thou mayst fall at a more ignoble hand than mine. O thou Infinite! receive his soul!” In an instant the sword flashes in the air, and when it falls it is red with adolescent blood. When the war is ended, we find our soldier returning in triumph, but little cares he now for honour or fame; he renounces his warlike career, shaves his head, dons a priestly garb, devotes the rest of his days to holy pilgrimage, never turning his back to the West where lies the Paradise whence salvation comes and whither the sun hastes daily for his rest.

Benevolence is the root of Politeness, which i will cover on the next round