In Part 1, we have generally discussed about the fact that although Judaism is not a missionary type of religion, (IE: Christianity, Buddhism and Islam are examples of religions that sends missionaries to propagate their teachings) . God of the Old Testament did not stop strangers and non Israelites to join themselves to him.

In fact, the Torah contains many interesting instructions that God has instructed the Israelites to do concerning strangers who decided to live among them. In this blog entry, we would be reading part of the Mosaic Law regarding it.

Oppressing and Bullying Of Strangers

God through Moses repeated the command not to bully and oppress strangers who lived among them. One of the verses that talks about it is

"And if a stranger dwells with you in your land, you shall not mistreat him.
The stranger who dwells among you shall be to you as one born among
you, and you shall love him as yourself; for you were strangers in the land
of Egypt: I am the LORD your God. "- YHWH (Lev 19:33-34)

I did a quick survey of the Torah and found these verses giving the same message. (Ex 22:21, Ex 23:9 , Deut 10:18-20).

In fact, when a lawyer came before Jesus, asking him how to inherit eternal life. Jesus asked him what is his conclusion after reading the law. His answer was

"You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul,
with all your strength, and with all your mind,’ and ‘your neighbor as
yourself.’" – Lawyer (Lk 10:27)

When the Lawyer asked "Who is my neighbour?" Jesus used the famous Parable of the Good Samaritans as his illustration. From it he further explained the same fact, and the tradition of being fair and just to strangers are also carried out among Christians.

Gentiles and Sacrifice

Once I have a friend who wrote to a Jewish rabbi asking if non Israelites is allowed to participate in the sacrifices and have their sins forgiven through the sin offering. The Rabbi answered and said that non -Jews is only allowed the offering known as Olah. and they told him "An Olah offering is not necessarily a sin offering. A non-Jew can be overwhelmed with a desire to bring an offering to God in His Temple for no other reason that an intense desire to do so. That offering would be an Olah. "

Personally i did a bit of reading of the Old testament, but as I am not a expert in ancient languages, I would just write this base on my understanding of my reading. I would certainly hope to hear some comments from readers who are more experienced in ancient languages.

There are portions of the Mosaic Law where God gave instructions to the Israelites regarding offerings from strangers (a term for non-Israelites in the old testaments)

"Also you shall say to them: ‘Whatever man of the house of Israel, or of the
strangers who dwell among you, who offers a burnt offering or sacrifice,
and does not bring it to the door of the tabernacle of meeting, to offer it to
the LORD, that man shall be cut off from among his
people. " – YHWH (Lev 17:8-9)

In fact God also talks about the matter in Lev 22:17-23. Note that "strangers In Israel" will include any non Israelites who are dwelling among them. In this chapter God requires that the sacrifices must be without blemish.

It seems to me that non Jews are allowed to bring burnt offerings and sacrifices to the door of the Tabernacle. Therefore i will believe that the Burnt, Grain, Peace and Sin offering listed in Lev 1-4 can be offered by a non Israelites. But the Priest Administering the offering must be a Levite nonetheless.

Other Privileges Granted To Non Israelites

I read the wikipedia entry on he term Jewish Proselyte, and I notice that the writer of the entry have surveyed and included all the privileges granted to non Jews in a very comprehensive manner.

Some of the Torah Instructions to Non Jews are as follows
1. Take part in the Day Of Atonement (Yom Kippur) (Lev 16:29)
2. Must purge out leaven during the passover (Ex 12:19)
3. Take Part In Feast Of Weeks (Deut 16:11)
4. Take Part in the feast of Tabernacles (Deut 16:13-14).
They too need to be present when the Laws were read out in 7 years (Deut 31:9-13)
5. Entitled to Sabbath rest (Deut 5:13-14; Ex 20:9-10; 23:12)
6. They are entitled to use the cities of refuge as well (Num 35:15)

You can get a complete list from Wikipedia

Therefore, the "gentiles" are very much included in the old testaments and it will not be a fair comment to say that Salvation was restricted to Jews only.

Being Included Into The Assembly

Interestingly, the bible did record that the Israelites can include people into the assembly of the Lord. Egyptians and Edomites of the 3rd generation may enter the assembly of the Lord (Deut 23:7-8)

Moabites and Ammonites are excluded up to the 10 generations, (Deut 23:3-4) and the reasons given was that they did not allow the Israelites to buy water and food from them and they also hired Balaam the prophet to curse them. However, it is noted that Ruth the Moabitess was allowed to join when she declared her faith.

Other Rules That Strangers need to follow

Jewish Law from the Torah is applicable to the strangers too. They are also not allowed to practise Idolary or perform any of the abominations that are done by the Canaanites or the Egyptians (Lev 20:2, Lev 18)

They are not allowed to blaspheme God (lev 24:16). They must also respect the Sanctity of Blood (lev 17)

Conclusion so far

The Gentiles were not denied a right to be joined to with the Israelites and have their sins forgiven. God wanted them to hear his laws and know him better. God already catered his law to accommodate them should they want to draw close to him. God allowed them to take part in the feast and have their sins forgiven the Old testament way. This is a fine example that God has already intended salvation for the non Israelites. But Gods plan is still unfolding at that point. Hence he had not started to send missionaries to bear witness for him among the nations.

Therefore, it would be a big mistake to think that the old testament salvations is only given to Israel.