We finally arrive at the final post of our study of the warriors of David, we have done a 12 part series on the warriors and this is the final one.

As this is the last post on the warriors of David, I decided to list out the entire series.

Part 1: Talks about why we should learn from the warriors of David
Part 2: Talks about the historical setting as well as David’s way of leading the nation
Part 3: Talks about the common traits in the warriors of David
Part 4: Warriors who are not afraid of numbers as well as those who will not retreat.
Part 5: A Warrior With Incredible Faith, Benaiah
Part 6: The Warriors By The Well Of Bethlehem
Part 7: The Warriors Of The Tribe Of Benjamin

Part 8 & Part 9 : The Warriors Of The Tribe Of Gad
Part 10 : The Warriors Of The Tribe Of Benjamin, Judah and Manasseh
Part 11: Warriors From The Tribe Of Benjamin, The Kinsman of Saul
Part 12: Warriors From The Tribe Of Issachar
Part 13: Warriors From The Tribe Of Zebulun (the current Post)

The final group of warriors that we are covering today comes from the tribe of Zebulun. They are being describe in 1 Chron 12:33.

The warriors of Zebulun had 3 special characteristics

1. They are experts in war with all weapons of war
2. They could keep ranks
3. They are Stout hearted Man

1. Experts in War with All Weapons Of War

When picturing the warriors from the tribe of Zebulun, one could easily imagine a soldier who is able to use a spear as well as a sword, using bow and arrows as well as the javelin. These soldiers could fight with virtually any forms of weaponry that they could lay their hands on.

They are talented and are able to do anything. Those who are working wil understand that if one had the abilities to handle all matters, he is able to excel in whatever he does and work becomes a simple matter to him.

Regardless of the situations, these solder are able to go into battle using any weapons that is issued to them.

1.1 Knowledge In All Wisdom

Likewise for the present soldiers of Christ, we must be conversant in all kinds of weapon used in our warfare. Paul stressed that the purpose of teaching the gospel is to present every man perfect before Christ. (Col 1:28-29)

This is an easy task if the target we are preaching to has the heart to seek God, but if we were to encounter a people who wants to oppose the truth and are constantly looking for pitfalls and mistakes in the word of God, it will be hard to bring him to God.

Sometimes we may find this battle difficult, as he can use all kinds of arguments and rebuke to rebut you. That is when our “competency” in using the various weapons of war comes into play. If we are good with tit, we can teach and bring that person before God.

Paul encourage the us that in order to be successful in our work for God, we need to have more than just a willing heart to preach. but at the same time we need to warn and teach every man in all wisdom. Not just only with the knowledge of the bible, but knowledge in every area.

Paul often say that as he rely on the holy spirit, he also labour, that he can gain wisdom, to warn and to teach every man in all wisdom, so that they can be presented perfect before Christ.

Similarly we must be experts in all kinds of weapons, the most important weapon in the Christians arsenal is the bible, there are 66 books in the bible, consisting of the Law, History, Prophetic Books. There are some who emphasise the righteous judgement of God, while some talks about the grace and salvation of the Lord. There are instances where the bible criticize  the sins of man, there are also times where it talks about the mercy of God and it encourages people.

They are all important and must not be ignored.

1.2 The Usefulness Of Old and New Testaments

While some modern Christians feels that the Old Testament has past and is irrelevant to the new era that we live in, unless one is fond of history. Nowadays the market  demanded a new type of Bible to be printed, consisting of New Testament and the Psalms and Proverbs.

This is a testimony that many Christians wanted only to concentrate on the New Testaments and Psalms and Proverbs.

Jesus wanted all Christians to learn the New Testament as well as the Old. The scriptures that exist during the time of Christ consist only of the Old Testament . Jesus once said this

“You search the Scriptures, for in them you think you have eternal life; and these are they which testify of Me.” -Jesus (John 5:39)

The scriptures that Jesus is referring to is the Old Testament moreover Jesus said it again

“Therefore every scribe instructed concerning the kingdom of heaven is like a householder who brings out of his treasure things new and old.” – Jesus (Matt 13:52)

The scribes are people who hand copied the Old Testament and they know it well, if they were to accept Jesus and learn the New Testament, they are like a master who is full of wisdom, keeping the good things from the old and adding the new and better things in them.

The wise man know that both the old items and the new items have their values and uses. He will not stubbornly keep the old stuff and ignore the new additions, he is able to use both the old as well as his new items.

Jesus reminded us to place equal emphasise on the teachings from the Old Testament as well as the new testament, as the kingdom of heaven is prophesised in the old testament and established in the new. Apostles used the Old Testament as the basis and the teaching of Christ as a standard, through the guidance of the Holy Spirit, they are able to preach Christ.

1.3 Reconciling Old Testament Laws And New Testament Teachings

We all know that circumcision was the mark of the old testament,and the people of the old testament kept the mosaic laws.

The New Testament only requires believers to believe and be baptised in the name Of Jesus, and to receive the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:38)

Initially, when the church started, it was made up of mainly Jews who are circumcised and they observe the old testament law as their way of life. Hence everyone is able to keep their traditions of circumcision and share their way of life without a problem.

However, when Cornelius received the Holy Spirit and was baptised by Peter (Acts 10). A big question arose, “Is there a need for such new believers to be circumcised and follow the Mosaic law?” At one hand the Old testament rules seems to say yes, but the New Testament rules says other wise.

we can learn from the apostles on how they reconciled the old testament and the new testament. The bible had left us a detailed and valuable example how we should handle the issues between the old and new testament. The bible documents their decisions as well as the rationale behind their decision.

In summary , the Apostles based their conclusion from

1. The Teaching of the Old Testament
2. The Instructions Of Jesus
3. Moving Of The Holy Spirit

The incident is recorded in Acts 15:13-20. The conclusion is direct, that the Gentiles need not follow the Laws and Statutes of The Old Testament, but they have to abstain from Idols, Sexual Immorality and blood. I have written a detailed study of it in another blog entry.

Lets examine how they arrive to this conclusions. They based it on the writings of the Prophets, the scriptures as well as the moving of the Holy Spirit. All rules that resulted must be established based on the truth of the Lord. If one is not familiar with the old and new testament, he is able to understand it.

Only by being an expert in the Old and the New Testament can one be able to preach the gospel in a complete. To be an expert requires one to understand it line by line word for word. One could study the bible casually as if its a story, but important teachings can only be drawn through detail analysis and reading.

The deeper you go into the truth, the more precious the words become, the bible encourage readers to mediate and ponder over the words of God

1.4 Of Parchments And Books

Paul once gave an instruction to timothy.

“Bring the cloak that I left with Carpus at Troas when you come-and the books, especially the parchments.” – Paul (2 Tim 4:13)

Paul was imprisoned then when he wrote 2 Timothy, here he asked Timothy to bring him items. The Cloak is for benefitting his body, while the Parchments and Books are for benefiting his mind. There is a difference between the books and the parchments. The books contain worldly knowledge, while the parchments are scriptures.

Paul is the disciple of Gameliel, he is not just an expert in the scriptures at the same times he is knowledgeable of the books of the world. We tend to feel that spiritual knowledge is very important while treating worldly knowledge as minor compared to the scriptures.

But many great man of the bible are not like that, Moses is knowledgeable in all the wisdom of the Egyptians while Daniel is knowledgeable about the culture of Babylon. They are learned in the scriptures but at the same times they are knowledgeable of the things of the world.

As Christians we must place emphasis on bible knowledge, but we should also not be ignorant about the worldly knowledge. Paul thirst for knowledge is interesting, as Paul is nearing the end of his life, it is believed that he wrote the book of 2 Timothy during his second imprisonment in Rome, where he was killed by Emperor Nero. Church traditions holds that Paul was beheaded in Rome, which is a more humane way for a Roman Citizen to die (compared to Peter who was crucified upside down)

While some people may say that Paul had done much work for the church, and he should not labour so much, especially if he knows that he may not be able to get out of prison alive. But that is the part of Paul that move us, he knows that he will most likely die, though he is not sure when, but as long as he is alive, he will rather pursue knowledge and understanding, though he is imprisoned and have lost his freedom, he can use other means to serve God, it is in his term of prison where he wrote most of his epistles many of which is part of the new testament bible.

People who studied the lives of Paul knows that he wrote many letters, but many of it were in haste, they are not included in the scriptures, most of the books canonised into the scriptures are written by him during his 2 imprisonment in Rome. It is during these times of his imprisonment, he finally have the time to write about theology and to present them in a systematic way.

The work he had done in prison had long lasting effects, they are still being read by Christians daily. It help many churches and brought many Christians to God.

Even when he is about to die, he is still working hard to learn, serving God in this area. He did not just relax in a corner just because he is dying. He really lived to learn and adopted a lifelong learning attitude.

So we must learn from such warriors of God. to read the bible and to learn knowledge, be ready to battle for Jesus

2. Keeping Formation and Ranks

The warriors of Zebulun is able to obey rules and stay in formation. Order is essential to a army, these soldiers are mighty man, they used to be commanders, section leaders, junior and senior officers. But now when they are part of the army of David, they stayed in formation and did not complain saying “I used to be in command and now I am part of the rank and file”

These warriors are submissive and are in order. It is a small wonder that they are able to stay in formation, order and formation is very important in ancient warfare. The Romans form up into shield columns to advance in the fields.

The Chinese bible had a interesting translations to the word, keeping in ranks, it is described in 4 words 行伍整齐 (háng wǔ zhěng qí) (translated: being orderly in their 行 and 伍 )

The words 行and 伍 are ancient Chinese military terms, 行 consist of a squad of 25 soldiers (similar to a Platoon in the modern infantry) while 伍 consist of a squad of 5 soldiers. (Similar to Sections in the modern infantry).

So it doesn’t matter if you are assigned to a 25 men squad or a 5 man squad, you have to be submissive and to maintain order. You have to keep order within the church even if your church is large and full of talents and power. The church of Corinth was full of talents, but yet they came up with many rules for each other to follow.

While rules are good for maintain order, but there are also bad rules that promote disorder rather than good. There are occasion where orders originated from bad judgement and erroneous beliefs and can be against the word of God, but because the congregation felt that it was a good rule, they continue with these erroneous rules.

2.1 Keeping To The Common Truth

Paul encouraged the believers in the church of Corinth,

“Let all things be done decently and in order.” – Paul (1 Cor 14:40)

” For God is not the author of confusion but of peace, as in all the churches of the saints.” – Paul (1 Cor 14:33)

For we share the same Holy Spirit and the same spirit will not contradict itself, although we may interpret the truth differently, but as the church is having the same spirit, there should not be a conflicts. We need to humble ourselves and to ponder over the words of God cautiously. For the spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets (1 Cor 14:32)

Sometimes if we believe our view is the truth and all other perspectives are wrong, and because of that we are unable to accept questions, we retort, accusing the other party for not trusting us and not being submissive. Causing lots of dissensions and quarrels among the church members.

If we understand that the other individual had the Holy Spirit just like you, therefore we should respect and listen to what the other party is saying, ponder over it and consider his points.

Just as Paul said that a prophets spirit must be submissive to the prophets, let us not be hard hearted about our little discoveries and truth, and in our defence of it create more problems and chaos within the church.. God is not a God of confusion, let us learn to quieten ourselves and listen over the questions raised by other prophets, search from the scriptures for a better explanations. The church can only enter a deeper understanding of the truth through the guidance of the Holy Spirit. Only by allowing the Holy spirit to work can the church progress in faith, and their understanding of truth.

If we always feel that we are the best and the most wise, you will often come into conflicts with others as we would feel that everyone is against us. Holding on to that view will only create more problems, the church of Corinth is like that, fortunately, not all were like that, some of the members understood, and changed for the better.

2.2 Keeping Order In The Church

Paul once told the church of Thessalonica

“But we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you withdraw from every brother who walks disorderly and not according to the tradition which he received from us.” – Paul (2 Thess 3:6)

It seems as if there are brothers in the church in Thessalonica that do not obey rules and not following church traditions, as if they have went against the truth. But it is not refering to the keeping of truth, Paul explained further in 2 Thess 3:11

“For we hear that there are some who walk among you in a disorderly manner, not working at all, but are busybodies.” – Paul (2 Thess 3:11)

These brothers choose not to work but to become busy bodies. At that time the church provided food for the widows and orphans and these brothers came for free meals provided by the church. This not just increase the burden of the church but it also abuses the love of their fellow brethren. They are well away that it is against the teaching of the bible, but yet they choose to continue in their actions.

There are many brethren who saw it but choose not to rebuke them, they are afraid to stop them thinking “If we were to rebuke, they may lose their faith.” but these brethren, who are full of love, allowed the problem to get bigger, more and more people came in saying “Why is he allowed to eat while I am denied?” As the crowd gets bigger, these people became busy bodies, disturbing the peace in the church.

2.3 The Boundary Of Disciplining

This is the reason why Paul gave a instruction for them to stay away from such  brethren. This would allow them to feel ashamed, staying away doesn’t mean abandon, but to carry out disciplinary actions, warning them not to take advantage of the church kindness, not allowing them to become busybodies that disrupt the church work.

There are some brothers and sister who had a wrong impression that they should completely ignore them. But let us take a step back and consider, if we were to take down his name and prevent him for taking his meals in the church, he may be forced to find food for himself.  Will that stop him from being a busy body? Disciplinary actions do have their boundaries, we should not completely ignore the person or to take him as an enemy. Paul told the church of Thessalonica to do this.

“Yet do not count him as an enemy, but admonish him as a brother.” – Paul (2 Thess 3:15)

The purpose of disciplining him is to allow him to wake up and to feel remorseful, to give him a chance to repent and return to the church. Not to cast him out of the church, the church of Thessalonica had a lot of work, but yet failed to keep order within the church. Disciplinary actions are important, to allow people to follow the instruction of God.

The church should not use organisation power to enforce order, but rather teach orderliness according to the teaching of Jesus. Our God is a God of Order as well as a God of peace, therefore we should learn to keep order within the church, so that the church will remain harmonious.

Only by being orderly in our formation can we win the battle for the Lord

3 Being Stout hearted

Some of us may wonder whats the meaning of being stout hearted. The Chinese bible uses the word “不生二心” (bù shēng èr xīn) (Translated : Not being double hearted) These man are very loyal.

The Chinese often use “一心一意” yī xīn yī yì (Translated: Single mindedness) to represent loyalty in marriage. The word 心 represent a heart. When use in this context it is like devoting the entire heart to ones the husband/wife.

Paul once said to the church of Corinth

“For I am jealous for you with godly jealousy. For I have betrothed you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ. But I fear, lest somehow, as the serpent deceived Eve by his craftiness, so your minds may be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.” – Paul (2 Cor 11:2-3 )

Let us asked ourselves, being Christians who have received baptism and have made up our decisions to follow Jesus, while we are waiting for Jesus to come and bring us to heaven, have we started to love other things, have we started to choose someone else? There are many Christians who had chosen not to love Jesus that much, they started to fall in love with many other things, they think that they could love something else without being discovered. But Jesus already knew.

Jesus once caution his children

“No servant can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or else he will be loyal to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and mammon.” – Jesus (Lk 16:13)

We cannot serve God and mammon at the same time, are we still loyal to our God or have we chosen to serve another Lord? We all know that only Jesus could save us and forgive our sins. Perhaps mammon could get us physical comfort and status, but it cannot save from sin. We can never buy the tickets to heaven.

Who should our Lord be? Let us ask God to preserve us, let us all be stout hearted, fully devoted to Jesus

Concluding The Study Of The Warriors Of David

I am glad that we have finished this study. Although it is a long 13 part series. But I hope that by learning the qualities of the warriors of David, we could apply the principles that we have learnt into our daily lives. Let us learn to establish the kingdom of God by being mighty warriors, willing to serve God to the very end.

May God help us in all that we do,let us learn to be like the warriors of David. To fight the good fight for the Lord.

May we all be able be like Paul who could confidently say this before he completed his journey on earth.

” I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith. Finally, there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will give to me on that Day, and not to me only but also to all who have loved His appearing.” – Paul (2 Tim 4:7-8)

May we all be a brave warrior for Christ and to establish the kingdom of God together with him.