In the previous post, we know the fact that Abraham had more than one sons. According to 1 Chron 1:28,32. The sons born to Abraham are born as in the following order.

1. Ishmael
2. Isaac
3. Zimran
4. Jokshan
5. Medan
6. Median
7. Ishbak
8. Shuah

Ishmael is born by Hagar, Isaac is born by Sarah, while the remaining children are born to Keturah, a woman whom Abraham married after the death of Sarah. (Gen 25:1-4 )

Effectively, Abraham had 3 different types of sons and they are from different mothers. Similarly God had 3 types of children in this world too.

So if we were to study the characteristics of Abrahams children, we could then draw some lessons for us today. 

The Sons Of Keturah

“We are not illegitimate children”- Jews in Jn 8:41 (NIV1984)  

If we were to look into how the bible describes the sons of Abraham, from Zimran to Shuah, you will notice this term “These are the children of Keturah”

In ancient times, the children are always identified with their fathers.  whenever they introduce someone, they will always say something like “Abraham the son of Terah” Yet over here they called the 6 children, the children of Keturah.

Keturah is counted as a concubine, a definition for a concubine by wikipedia is like this “a Woman in an ongoing, marriage-like relationship with a man whom she cannot be married to for a specific reason”

In ancient times, a concubine is of a lower social rank, and therefore the children are often called “illegitimate” children. These children will not be treated on equal status as the legitimate children.

The bible told us what Abraham did this to the children of Keturah children while he is still alive.

“And Abraham gave all that he had to Isaac. But Abraham gave gifts to the sons of the concubines which Abraham had; and while he was still living he sent them eastward, away from Isaac his son, to the country of the east.” – Moses (Gen 25:5-6)

These children were separated from Isaac, Abraham choose to give all that he had to Isaac and he sent these children away with gifts he had prepared for them.

Sometimes we wonder why Abraham was that cruel, the main reason was because God had already chosen Isaac to inherit his blessing for God had spoken

“for in Isaac your seed shall be called.” –YHWH (Gen 21:12)

In fact God set Isaac aside from the other children of Abraham , God was the one who named him as well

“No, Sarah your wife shall bear you a son, and you shall call his name Isaac; I will establish My covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his descendants after him.” – YHWH (Gen 17:19)

Therefore Abraham specially set Isaac apart from his brothers, which is why he choose to send them away from Isaac. But Abraham is sad because biologically he is indeed their father, so he can only give them gives and send them away.

The Modern Sons Of Keturah

The 6 children of Abraham are counted as “the sons of Keturah” and not the sons of Abraham. Effectively, they belong to Keturah and not Abraham.

The modern sons of Keturah also received gifts from Abraham their father.

“for He makes His sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust.” – Jesus (Matt 6:45)

Sometimes when the people of the world is at their wits end, and they call upon God for help, God do answer them and show them mercy, it is just like Abraham giving gifts to his children but yet they do not belong to him, and since they do not belong to God, they can only belong to the devil.

For Elder John once said
“We know that we are of God, and the whole world lies under the sway of the wicked one.” – Elder John (1 Jn 5:19)

Jesus once said this too

“You are of your father the devil, and the desires of your father you want to do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own resources, for he is a liar and the father of it.” –Jesus (Jn 8:44)

Fortunately, the status of the sons of the world is not permanent. Once could still reconcile with God, and be the sons of Abraham.  This would be discussed later.