So far we have explored many aspect of Jewish Ceremonial laws in the Shadow Of The Old Testament Series

This is what we have discussed so far

1. The Fall Feast (Part 1)
2. Pauls Explanation Of Col 2 (Part 2)
3. Day Of Atonement (Part 3)
4. Feast Of The Tabernacles (Part 4)
5. Clean And Unclean Meat (Part 5 , Part 6)
6. Burning Of Incense (Part 7, Part 8
7. Lighting Of Lamp (Part 9, Part 10 )
8. Offering Of Sacrifice (Part 11, Part 12)
9. Esther and Purim ( Part 13)

When I begin writing this series. It was at the fall feast of 2016. Now we have approached the arrival of the Spring Feast. The Spring Feast would start today from Passover. The Spring Feast contains many prophecies regarding Christ. As Christian we ought to know these prophesies and find Christ from within it.

While many in the Hebrew Roots movement advocate the fact that Christians ought to keep the feast. But those who truly understand the Covenant of Christ will know that Christ had fulfilled the requirements of these feast.

Lets examine the Spring Feast From The Torah.

What Are The Spring Feast?

The Spring Feast consist of 4 Festivals, 3 of it happen in the month of Nisan while 1 happened on the month of Sivan. The name of the festivals are

1. Passover (Pesach)  (14th Nissan)
2. Unleavened Bread (Chag Hamotzi) (15th – 22nd Nissan)
3. First Fruit (Yom Habbikurim) (Nisan 16th – 17th )
4. Pentecost (Shavuót) (Sivan 6th to 7th)

The purpose of each of the feast are as follows

Feast Purpose As Stated in Mosaic Law
Passover ‘It is the Passover sacrifice of the Lord, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt when He struck the Egyptians and delivered our households.’
(Ex 12:27)
Unleavened Bread “So you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this same day I will have brought your armies out of the land of Egypt. Therefore you shall observe this day throughout your generations as an everlasting ordinance.” (Ex 12:17)
Frist Fruit ‘My father was a Syrian, about to perish, and he went down to Egypt and dwelt there, few in number; and there he became a nation, great, mighty, and populous.  But the Egyptians mistreated us, afflicted us, and laid hard bondage on us.
Then we cried out to the Lord God of our fathers, and the Lord heard our voice and looked on our affliction and our labor and our oppression. 
So the Lord brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand and with an outstretched arm, with great terror and with signs and wonders. He has brought us to this place and has given us this land, “a land flowing with milk and honey”;  and now, behold, I have brought the firstfruits of the land which you, O Lord, have given me.’ (Deu 26:4-10)
Pentecost  You shall rejoice before the Lord your God, you and your son and your daughter, your male servant and your female servant, the Levite who is within your gates, the stranger and the fatherless and the widow who are among you, at the place where the Lord your God chooses to make His name abide. And you shall remember that you were a slave in Egypt, and you shall be careful to observe these statutes. (Deut 16:11()

From these verses, we know that the fundamental purpose of the spring feast is to remember the deliverance of God to Israel and to remember the exodus of Israel from Egypt.

The True Sacramental Value Of The Feast

Besides this, God had made it a requirement for Levites to make sin offering for Israel within the feast. For this is an occasion he had mandated animals offering for the atonement of sin of Israel. In one of the previous entries. We have tabulated the amount of animals to be killed.

 

Interestingly, it is the same number of goats are killed are the same across the spring feast and the fall feast. It is these sin offerings that was offered that had the effect of atonement for sin.

Careful reading of the Law will tell us this
1. The Passover lamb sacrifice is given to save Israel from death (not sin)
2. The offering of the first fruits, and Pentecost are given as thanksgiving to God

None of the thing done by the people in the spring feast atones for sin. The actions of the Levites to offer the sin offering as Israel gather, atones for the sin of Israel. Hence the sin was not forgiven through the Passover lamb nor the offering of first fruit.

The Order Of Events In The Feast

Under the Mosaic Covenant, the Spring Feast are supposed to be kept in the following manner

Phase 1 : Choosing Of Passover Lamb (10th Nisan)

On the 10th of the month, Israel is suppose to choose a 1 year old lamb from either the sheep and the goat. The Lamb is supposed to be kept for 4 days. It is during this period the Israelites will start to find and gather leaven that is found in their house in preparation for Passover.

Phase 2: Burning of Leavened  and Killing The Passover Lamb (14th Nisan)

AT the beginning  of the Passover, most Israelites will burn out the leaven that are in the house. For they are suppose to be eating unleavened bread for the  next few days. God instructed that no leaven is to be found in the land during that 7 days.  (Ex 12:19)

At Twilight of 14th Nisan, the Passover lamb will be killed and roasted whole. The bones of the lamb must not be broken.  (Num 9:12). The  lamb is eaten together with bitter herbs and unleavened bread.  (Num 9:11). Any remaining lamb uneaten must be burnt in the morning

Phase 3: Feast of Unleavened Bread (15-22nd Nisan)

After that they are to eat unleavened bread for 7 days. and no leavened must be found in their house during this period of time.

Phase 4: Feast of First Fruits  (22nd Nisan)

They are to go before God and present their first fruit offering in thanksgiving. The gift of First Fruits  is God’s way of reminding the Israelites that they are brought into the land flowing with milk and honey by God. All firstfruits must be given to the Priest and Levites who serve God. (Deut 18:3-5)

Phase 5: Pentecost (6th Sivan)

After the harvest is complete. They are to bring freewill offering to the temple for thanksgiving as well. This is given freely as offering to God.

The Need  For Keeping The Spring Feast

Interestingly, today there are many who believed in Christ and thinks that Christians ought to keep these feast as prescribed in the Torah. Some who profess to believe in Christ claims that the Passover was substituted by Easter by the non Jewish Christians. Others claims that Apostles John kept the  Passover and taught Polycarp to do it. Hence it is a teaching of the apostles to keep the Passover.  Others cited Paul in 1 Cor 5:6-8 claiming that Paul advocated the teaching of keeping the feast. And there are many self proclaimed online scholars who then dig into thousands of letters of Church fathers for evidence of the disciples keeping the feast. They all post their 1001 findings online.

So how should the Christians keep this feast? Is there still a need to keep it? If yes should we follow the Pharisees? Sadducees? Karites? Do we only follow the Law of Moses?

Interestingly many of the advocates are divided over these question. But if we indeed want to follow strictly to the Torah, why is it that no one followed everything as stipulated in the order of event?

It seem to me that many of these Hebrew wannabes are unable to keep even the simple and straight forward instructions in the Law of Moses. They want to celebrate it in the way that they would want to do it. But yet when one fails to keep the Law completely, is guilty of the Law. God will disregard all that he had done and view him as a sinner (Eze 33:13)

The Covenant of Christ is Unlike The Covenant At Sinai

But those who really understood the Covenant of the Messiah will understand a simple fact. That the covenant of the Messiah is signed with the house of Israel. It is signed when Christ died on the cross and  he resurrected. He gave that Covenant to Israel. It was entrusted to the disciples.

Jeremiah already said this about the new Covenant

“Behold, the days are coming, says
  the Lord, when I will make a new
  covenant with the house of Israel
  and with the house of Judah— not
  according to the covenant that I
   made with their fathers in the day
  that I took them by the hand to lea
  d them out of the land of Egypt, My
  covenant which they broke, though
   I was a husband to them “-YHWH (Jer 31:31-32)

The new covenant of Christ is not according to what was given to Israel on mount Sinai. The old Covenant was not abolished. But rather Christ had born all the curse of the Law by dying on the cross. By so doing he had fulfilled the requirement of the Law of Moses.

The Spring Feast contains this message Clearly. The Prophecies of the messiah is seen within its rules and regulation. It illustrated the salvation plan from the perspective of God. It talks about the things God need to do in order to fulfil salvation.

In the first covenant, Israel must kill the lamb to begin their Journey to Canaan and they must offer their first fruits and freewill offering to thank God for inheriting Canaan

In the Christian Covenant, Christian must be baptised in the blood of Christ, have their feet washed to begin their journey with Christ. They are to take the Holy Communion to proclaim the faith of Christ. They need to receive the Holy Spirit and keep the Sabbath.

All the sacraments of the new covenant would not be effective without the sacrifice of Christ.

Christ Fulfil The Requirement Of The Spring Feast

So now comes the Big question. What did Christ fulfilled? This question is central to Christians as we need to understand how Christ fulfil the Spring Feast

Feast Christ Fulfilment Christian Understanding
Passover “Therefore purge out the
  old leaven, that you may
  be a new lump, since
  you truly are unleavened.
  For Indeed Christ, our Passover, 
  was  sacrificed for
  us”- Paul (1 Cor 5:7)
1. Christ is the Passover lamb
2. He was sacrificed once and for all
3. Christ Instruction on Passover 
  a.To have feet washed   
  b. Holy communion to remember him
Unleavened Bread “how much more shall the blood of
  Christ, who through the eternal
  Spirit offered Himself without spot
  to God, cleanse your conscience
  from dead works to serve the
  living God?”- Hebrews (Heb 9:14)
1. Christ is sinless at death
2. purge out leaven /sin (1 Cor 5: 8)   
  a. Baptised for sin to be forgiven 
Frist Fruit “But now Christ is risen from the
  dead, and has become the
  firstfruits of those who have
  fallen  asleep.” – Paul (1 Cor
  15:20)

“But each one in his own order:
  Christ the firstfruits, afterward
  those who are Christ’s at His
  coming.” – Paul (1 Cor 15:23)

1. Christ Resurrection was first fruit
2. When Christ died, those who died in  sin under the Mosaic Covenant
     were finally redeem and saved.

3. The Resurrected Christ is the
     example of believers who died in
     Christ.

Pentecost “This Jesus God has raised up, of 
  which we are all witnesses.
  Therefore being exalted to the
  right hand of God, and having
  received from the Father the
  promise of the Holy Spirit, He
  poured out this which you now
  see and hear.” – Peter (Acts 2:32-
  33)

“Not only that, but we also who
  have the firstfruits of the Spirit,
  even we ourselves groan within 
  ourselves, eagerly waiting for the
  adoption, the redemption of our
  body.”-Paul (Rom 8:23)

1. Pentecost beginning of harvest
    a. Beginning of Harvest of The World
2. Made possible by Christ ascension
3. Christians are to pray for Holy Spirit
    a. As this is God Dwelling with us
    b. We need to live for God 
  

4. Christians are first fruit of the Spirit
    a. We need to persevere n faith

While Hebrews of the past gathers in these festivals to thank God for saving them out of Egypt. Christians keep the spirit of this festivals by following the instructions of Jesus. We are to receive Baptism for the forgiveness of our sins, not to be tainted by the sin of the world. We are to receive foot washing to have a part with Christ as spoken by him. (Jn 13:8,15 ) as Christ had commanded us on the last Passover of the world. We are to pray for the Holy Spirit and walk according to the Spirit.

Advertisements