Bible Charts And Diagram


Recently there was a comment on the blog that got me curious about the name list of the Descendents of Israel. Hence I decided to list the names in a table and do a calculation of the people listed in Genesis chapter 46. The counting of the children born from each of Jacobs 4 wives could be verified easily. But I think the difficulty lies in the following verses

“All the persons of the house of Jacob
who went to Egypt were seventy.” – Moses (Gen 46:27)

12 Sons + 1 Daughter +  53 Grand Children + 4 Great Grandchildren = 70

Interestingly, I believe that when all the house of Jacob was used. Even the children who had passed away in Canaan are included in the number.

“All the persons who went with Jacob to Egypt,
who came from his body, besides Jacob’s sons’
wives, were sixty-six persons in all” – Moses  (Gen 46:26).

I believed the numbers are derived as follows
70 – Er (Died in Canaan ) – Onan(Died in Canaan)- Ephraim (Living In Egypt)-Manasseh (Living In Egypt)

Just to share the chart since it was already completed

A Summary of all the names and the numbers in Gen 46

A Summary of all the names and the numbers in Gen 46

A PDF version can be downloaded here: Gen 46 Numbers

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For those who are wondering what had happened to the Hesitant Prize Fighter for two months. There was many things that happened. There was much joyful events that happen,  But as the new life begins, there are much more things to watch out for and adjust, hence writing blog became a challenge for time.

During the free time, I was reading up the events in the book of Acts. So I decided to try to lay out the events of Acts by chronological order. The dates in the diagram are approximate but it serves as a good guide to those who are reading the book of acts.

At the same time as the diagram is being created. I was thinking, why not add in the approximate years where the book of the New Testament was written. However, it was only later when I discovered that dating of the New Testament books can be quite a challenge.

Hence I decided to plot in a conservative estimate of the time where the books are written as a rough guide. As these are based on personal research, the diagrams may be updated from time to time when new facts are confirmed.

But mean while, feel free to take a look at the diagram and give me some comments.

A timeline of the events recorded in the book of acts and their approximate dates

This is a diagram that I was hoping to do for a long time, but never got a chance to finish it. But recently because of a request from a friend. So I was moved to finished it.

This is the timeline of the kings of Israel and Judah, and as well as the prophets of God that are present during that time.  This is important for us to understand this as the prophetic books of the old testament is not arranged in chronological order.

The dates in BCE are approximate date base on the Wikipedia entries of the kings of Israel and Judah. As I was drawing out the information, I was drawn to the following teachings

The Number of Kings

There are 20 kings of Judah from Rehoboam and there are 19 different kings in Israel. One would have think that both kingdom runs around t he same time. But the truth is. The Kingdom of Israel is destroyed around 720 BCE while Judah continued to survive for about 200 years

The Kingdom Of Israel And Its 9 Dynasties

One thing we can see is that the Kingdom of Israel had many changes of dynasties (Ruling family).. While Judah is completely under the house of David. Athailah was from the house of Ahab, perhaps the only princess from the Kingdom of Israel that was ever married into the house of David.

The kingdom of Israel had a history of treachery and killing, within its history there are many generals who rebelled and took over the country.  The house of Omri and the house of Jehu are the longest ruling families in Israel

Joel and Obadiah

The book of the prophets are usually dated using a few ways.
1. If any kings that are mentioned
2. If there are any historical events recorded
3. If the character was mentioned in the book of kings and chronicles

However, there was not much evidence found in the book of Joel and Obadiah hence I have added the commonly identified era and I place a question mark beside their name.

Jehoshaphat and Ahab

We know that the house of Israel and Judah sometimes go to war with each other. But during the time of Jehoshaphat, they were friends. Sometimes when I consider their friendship, it is really ironic.

1. Kings 22 when Micaiah predicted that Ahab will be killed in battle, this man dressed up his Ally as the king and that almost got King Jehoshaphat killed. Fortunately God saved him (1 Kings 22:32-34)

2. I would guess most likely Athaliah was introduced to the house of David at that time, and interestingly, you will notice that King Jehoram, Ahaziah all became bad kings. Ahaziah was even murdered by Athaliah (typical Israel politics) and she seized power. She killed all the heirs to the throne of Judah (2 kings 11:1) King Joash was only saved with the help of Jehosheba his aunt and Jehoiada the priest.

From this incident I can learn two things

1. God is faithful to his covenant that he swore to David. Hence he preserved his descendant. If Athaliah was successful in killing the house of David, the messiah would have not come the seed of David

2. “Evil company corrupts good habits.” 1 Cor 15:33 . Jehoshaphat choice of friend led to the degradation of his house. It almost cost him his life at the battle.

The Kingdom Of Israel And Its 9 Dynasties

One thing we can see is that the Kingdom of Israel had many changes  of Ruling family.. While Judah is completely under the house of David.

The kingdom of Israel had a history of treachery  and killing, within its history there are many generals who rebelled and took over the country.  The house of Omri and the house of Jehu are the longest ruling families in Israel

When God chose Jeroboam I and gave him the 10 tribes, God commanded him to lead the people like David and he would create for him a dynasty just like David (1 Kings 11:37-38)

Sadly, he did not do it, and he created golden calves for people to worship. That is why the sin of Israel is often given a brand name “The Sin Of Jeroboam the son of Nebat” His choice also let to violent history of Israel where there is degradation of faith.

God did not give up on Israel, he raised Jehu to judge the house of Ahab and anointed him king of Israel (2 Kings 9:8-19) which he did a good job , he killed all of Ahab’s house and he also killed Ahaziah the king of Judah as well as Queen Jezebel.

But sadly, Jehu did not follow God and he followed the sin of Jeroboam,  hence Israel was not restored (2 Kings 10:29-31)

God  also sent Elijah and Elisha to the house of Israel to call the people back, bad sadly not everyone repented. These people became disperse. And there are many traces of them all over the world

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lost_Tribes_of_Israel

The Era Of Prophetic books

God has always sent prophets to his people, some of the historical characters you see are prophets. They are Samuel, Nathan,Ahijah, Elijah, Elisha, Micaiah. But interestingly they do not write prophetic books.

Perhaps there are some writing attributed to them but they are not canonized in the scripture.

When God gave Israel rest from the enemies, and blessed them during the reign of Jeroboam II, God sent Amos to warn Israel of her impending judgment. God sent Jonah to the city of Nineveh (Assyria will eventually destroyed Israel as we know in History) .

Interestingly, before the Kingdom of Israel is destroyed, there are Micah, Isaiah and Hosea. But since Israel did not repent, finally God executed the judgment.

If we were to observe the number of Prophets that exist just before the Kingdom of Judah is destroyed, God sent even more messenger to Judah. Ezekiel, Jeremiah and Daniel lived had to suffer together with the people. Nahum and Habakkuk are there as well.

The bulk of the Prophetic books are written here, Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi were written last after the Exiles returned.

From here we can see this

Before God execute his judgment, he will send a lot of messengers to warn you. Most people accused the God of the old testament as a blood thirsty God who is out to kill whoever who disobey. Yet they fail to realize how many time God pleaded with his people.

One of the plea that touched my heart is the one spoken by Prophet Ezekiel

“Do I have any pleasure at all that the
wicked should die? and not that he
should turn from his ways and live?

Yet you say, ‘The way of the Lord is not fair.’
Hear now, O house of Israel, is it not My way
which is fair, and your ways which are not fair?

Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel,
every one according to his ways, Repent, and
turn from all your transgressions, so that
iniquity will not be your ruin.  Cast away
from you all the transgressions which you
have committed, and get yourselves a new
heart and a new spirit. For why should
you die, O house of Israel?
For I have no pleasure in the death of one
who dies,therefore
turn and live!” – YHWH (Eze 18:19-31)

While we often complain about the way of God is not fair, but have we been fair to God when we sin against him? Are we angry with him for judging us for our mistakes? God in fact sent countless of prophets to tell the world to stop sinning for he would have to judge it, yet man disregard the words od God, and accused him of being blood thirsty when he carried out his judgment.

Therefore God is indeed asking us “Is it not My way which is fair, and your ways which are not fair?”

Let us heed the voice of the prophets, let us turn back. For God never wanted anyone to die for their sins.

I have attached the timeline here for everyone to see

Timeline Chart Of Kings And Prophets

Timeline Chart Of Kings And Prophets

So far we have covered

1. My preliminary response to the sermon by the Pastor
2. My thoughts on the Magi Gifts To Jesus
3. Millionaire Supporters Of The “Sophisticated Travelling Ministry”
4. Jesus Providence To The Disciples

As the next two point was really short, I will put them all together. I find his Point 4 and 7 some what similar, so I decided to discuss them together.

Pt 4: Jesus generously fed the poor

Lk 9:11-13 : When quoting the miracle of Jesus feeding the 5000, the pastor claims that the disciples of Jesus did not complain about money when they were asked to feed the congregation.  From there, he further expounded the scriptures, claiming that the disciples of Jesus carries boxes and boxes of money as they do not use visa or master card in the bible.

He claimed that the money boxes had enough money to feed at least 10-20 K people (base on a estimate that each man bought his wife and children along, 5000 men, + 5000 woman +10 000 kids)

Point 7: He regularly gave to the poor

After sharing Point 5 and 6, he went on to quote the passage of the last supper.  

Jn 13:27-29  : He explained that the disciples of Jesus misunderstood the instruction “What you do, do quickly.” as either “Buy those things we need for the feast,” or “give something to the poor”.

He went on to explain that the disciples must have seen Jesus doing this so often that they did not have a doubt that it was what Jesus instruction to Judas. He went on to explain that Jesus had surplus in his treasury even after paying for the ministry expenses, and in fact, he got so much surplus that he could regularly give to the poor.

Reconstruction of Of Judas Money Box

The feeding of 5000  is the only miracle that was recorded in all four books of the gospel

(Matt 14:13-21; Mk 6:30-44; Lk 9:10-16, Jn 6:1-14). In fact I wrote a small discussion on this miracles some time ago .

Before I proceed, I would like to clarify that I do not think it is really  possible to recreate the size and weight of Judas’s money box. As no one had saw it before. But because of the pastor’s claim that Jesus  had enough financial power to feed 20 thousand people, and that Jesus disciples brought with them huge treasury boxes  to store the coins.

I decided to try to make an educated guess on how much money was in the box basing it on the comments of the disciples. My guess is made base on the following verses .

“ But He answered and said to them, “You give them something to eat.”
And they said to Him, “Shall we go and buy two hundred denarii
worth of bread and give them something to eat?””-John Mark (Mark 6:37)

“Philip answered Him, “Two hundred denarii worth of bread is
not sufficient for them, that every one of them may have a little.””-John (John 6:7)

The Estimate of 200 denarii is a good guess, because it was mentioned by the disciples,  if they were to have more money, why then did they keep mentioning 200 denarii?

base on the previous article quoted in part one, these is a typical pay rate in the capital city of Rome

Secretary =15 Denari/month
Lecturer =12 Denari/month
Messenger = 9 Denari/month
Fortune Teller = 10 Denari/month
Legionary = 20 Denari/month
Praetorian = 60 Denari/month

Therefore, 200 denarii in the money box of Jesus would have been a huge sum  of money considering they were in Judea and not in Rome.

That would also explain why Judas was indignant  when Mary broke a Alabaster Flask of Spikenard costing 300 Denarii to anoint the feet of Jesus.

Base on the Wikipedia entry of a denarii , a typical denarii in the time of Christ would have weight 3.5 Grams, base on one of it source article a typical denarii is about 18 mm in diameter. Some Google search result show that the denarius is about the size of a US Penny, which means its thickness is about 1.55 MM

Assuming Judas dutifully stack up 200 Denarii into 4 stacks of 50 Denarii  that would mean his money box will be approximately 3.6 x 3.6 x 7.5cm

We have compared the money box to match box to provide you with an idea of how it looks

Judas Money Box Vs a Matchbox

While some over-zealous Christians may accuse me of being faithless, but that is approximately the amount of space needed to keep 200 Denarii stacked nicely in a box. The weight of the box should be around 700 Grams.  Which would have been pretty heavy for a small box.

While we are at it, we have to remember that a typical worker earns approximately 300 denarii in a year, that will mean an average worker earns 25 Denarii a month, and Judas had about a salary of 8 men at his disposal. I felt that this is a fair estimate and that would have demystify the idea behind Jesus needing carrying box full of treasures.

However, let us remember that 200 denarii is only barely enough for each men to have a little. Which is not good enough to feed a person in that circumstances.

Just in case if people thinks that the 5 loaves and 2 fishes are of posh quality. John 6:9 tells us that they are Barley Loaves and 2 small fishes, just enough for a child to eat.

There are two types of flour used for bread making in the time of Jesus. They are wheat flour and barley flour.  In those days, wheat is more expensive and are used to bake bread for the rich while barely is a mainly used by the poor.  Therefore, let us not picture the bread given to the 5000 as “food for the rich and prosperous”

The Ministry To The Poor

One thing I did agree with the pastor was the fact that Jesus did provide for the poor. Although we may not have an idea how much money was given to the poor, or the statistic of people who received helped from Jesus.

I have 2 reasons to believe that Jesus did use money to help the poor.

The first reason is somewhat similar to what the pastor said

Judas mentioned about giving money to the poor when he criticized Mary for breaking the flask of spikenard Mk 14:5.

In Jn 13:27-29 the disciples did misunderstood Jesus command to Judas that it could be an order to give to the poor.

One of the stronger reason is behind the fact that when the church started, it does provide and feed widows and children living in the land of Israel (Acts 6:1-2)

There was also Christians such as Dorcas who took care of widows (Acts 9:36-41)

Paul did teach Timothy about how the church should handle widows (1Tim 5:3-16)

Elder James mentioned that a pure and undefiled religion before God involves visiting Orphans and widows in trouble (Jas 1:27)

The Apostles must have learnt that while watching Jesus help the poor and needy.

Conclusion

As I was researching through this topic, I can see the compassion of Jesus, how he saw the people coming to him and how he work tirelessly to teach them the truth about the kingdom of God.

Jesus had compassion for the people whom he teaches, in a separate miracle to feed 4000 people, Jesus said

“I have compassion on the multitude, because they have now continued with Me three days and have nothing to eat. And I do not want to send them away hungry, lest they faint on the way.”- Jesus (Matt 15:32)

Let us also have the same love and compassion just like Jesus.

I was listening to a sharing from a friend and he was commenting about us the Chinese having 2 significant new years.

To the Chinese, they celebrated the News Years Day (quite recently) and now the Lunar New Year had just arrived.

It such joyous occasions, it is actually a good period for us to feast and be happy, its a time for us to reflect on the year and to plan for the new. It is joyous, that I remember when the stroke of midnight came, there were loud sounds of fireworks and fire crackers.

But in the sharing, my friend was saying that similar to the Chinese, the Jews had 2 new years that are significant in their lives as well.  The Jews generally celebrate their new years very differently from the rest of the world.

To Illustrate it, I have created a chart that identifies the feast and festivals of the Israelites as describe in the bible, (I have left out the other nationalistic festivals as I would like to highlight those that are written in the bible)

A Typical Jewish Calendar Vs Our Calendar

1.Passover (Feast Of The Unleavened Bread)

The Jews begin their new year doing something that is very different from our usual feasting and enjoyment. They begin by purging their house of all leaven. It was said that as a training to young Jewish children, the parents will deliberately leave some leaven behind and see if their children can find it.

After that comes the feast of the Passover, while we would have a feeling that it is as sumptuous as our reunion dinner of the Chinese. But these are the things that were eaten.

1. Unleavened Bread

These are plain bread made without yeast, also known as “Bread of Affliction”. It is a    very tasteless and hard bread. It is called Matzo by the Jews

2. Bitter Herbs
The Passover lamb has to be eaten with bitter herbs, the typical herbs use are horse-radish and romaine lettuce,  It is called Maror by the Jews

3. Roasted Lamb

Interestingly, the bible records that God instructed them to eat this meal in a haste, with belt on the waist, sandals in the feet and staff in the hand (Ex 12:11)

The purpose of the Passover is to remember the deliverance of God to the Israelites in Egypt where he sent the angel and killed the firstborns of all Egypt. The angel will pass over any of the Israelite houses as they have smeared their doorpost with the blood of the lamb.

 

1.1 Significance Of This New Year Celebration

The Passover sacrificial lamb is a Jesus, (1 Cor 5:7) and when Jesus had the last Passover meal with his disciples, he instituted the Holy Communion one that day (Mattt 26:26-29) . He told his disciples do this in remembrance of him (1 Cor 11:23-26)

Although a Christian can hold holy communion at any time of the year, but there are a few spirits of this old testament festival that we must take note.

a. Removing Of Leaven

Jesus once said
“Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy. For there is nothing covered that will not be revealed, nor hidden that will not be known. Therefore whatever you have spoken in the dark will be heard in the light, and what you have spoken in the ear in inner rooms will be proclaimed on the housetops.” – Jesus (Lk 12:1-3)

Let us be careful how we live our lives as Christians, let us not be hypocritical in what we do, let us learn to be sincere and truthful in whatever we do. For we must remember that eventually God will judge us for everything we do.  Let us take note of what King Solomon said

“Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter:

Fear God and keep His commandments,
For this is man’s all.
  For God will bring every work into judgment,
Including every secret thing,
Whether good or evil.” – Solomon (Ecc 12:13-14)

b.  Eat in Haste, Belts On The Waist, Sandals on the feet, Staff In The Hand

If Egypt symbolises the world and everything that is in it, then we must be prepared not to long for things in the world. The night of the Passover is the night where God will save his people out of Egypt.

The bible depicts our Christians walk as like “Days in the wilderness” On that night the Israelites has to be prepared to leave Egypt immediately.

This is a solid reminder to us that we are not of this world, and that we are only a pilgrim waiting for our heavenly home. So like the ancient Israelites, let us be willing to start our journey with God and not to carry our cross daily to follow God.

Let us remember that the words of Jesus

““If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily,and follow Me. 24 For whoever desires to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for My sake will save it. 25 For what profit is it to a man if he gains the whole world, and is himself destroyed or lost?” – Jesus (Lk 9:23-25)

But we know that that generation did not managed to get into the promise land because of their unbelief (Heb 3:16-19)

Therefore, let us also bear that in mind and to believe in the words of Jesus. Following all his commands in faith, just like the how the first Israelites believed and kept the Passover while in Egypt.

2. Feast Of The Tabernacles

The beginning of the Jewish civil year is the second new year that is significant to the Jews. It started out with the feast of the trumpets, the day of atonement and the feast of the tabernacles.

It is pretty interesting to see that the first new year celebration is about the salvation of God in Israel and now its about atonement for sins. In general, the Jews will do the following

1. Blow the shofar (trumpet) to announce the new year.

2. Gather together on the day of Atonement to sacrifice for the sins of the nations

3. Stay in tents for 7 days.

It is hardly what the rest of the world will do on a new year isn’t it?

2.1 Significance Of This New Year Celebration

This new year celebration is one that is very different from ours, it tells us of many important things we ought to do in the new year.

a. Reflection and Repentance.

Generally at the Rosh Hashanah (Feast of the trumpets) The Jews and Samaritans alike would reflect on the sins, this is to prepare for yom kippur (the day of atonement) . While as Christians we know that we have a compassionate high priest, which is Jesus (Heb 4:14-16)

We must still repent and come before him for forgiveness. How often have we failed to do so, so I will say that this is a very good practice for all of us to do to constantly examine ourselves to see if we have fall short of Gods mark.

If we find that we have strayed from God, it is a good time to realign ourselves and to have a change of heart. To return to God as God is just like the father of the prodigal son who waited staring at the horizon for the sons return.

b. Staying in Tents

The staying in booths down during the feast of the tabernacles serves as a reminder to the Jews about their wanderings in the wilderness. It serves likewise to us as a reminder that we are on our way to a better world.

Though the modern Christians no longer needs to follow these feasts, we ought to keep the spirit of the festival, as they hold good teachings for us to learn from.

The modern wilderness is one where we withdraw from the daily rush of the world and to study the word of God.  They can also mean the church camps where we give up the comforts of our home to concentrate on prayers and learning the word of God

Staying in tents reminded us of that building that we would eventually receive from God

Just as what Paul tells the Corinthians

“For we know that if our earthly house, this tent, is destroyed, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. For in this we groan, earnestly desiring to be clothed with our habitation which is from heaven, if indeed, having been clothed, we shall not be found naked. For we who are in this tent groan, being burdened, not because we want to be unclothed, but further clothed, that mortality may be swallowed up by life.  Now He who has prepared us for this very thing is God, who also has given us the Spirit as a guarantee.” – Paul (2 Cor 5:1-6)

 

Therefore, let us be constantly reminded of that permanent home God is given us, and may we all have a blessed new year.

Sometime ago, I was publish a few timeline charts on this blog. So far there are the following entries

1. From Adam To Noah : Generations Before The Flood
2. The Timeline of the lives of Isaac, Jacob and Joseph
3. The Outline of Pentateuch books

Apparently some of you might have notice that one chart is missing, which is talking about the   timeline between Noah to Isaac.

Initially I was hesitant to attempt this due to the following reasons

1. The amount of calculations required  are very numerous and not straight forward
2. There’s a need to ascertain deaths, as there are patriarchs who are dead before their ancestors died

But there were some questions raised when i presented the outline of the Pentateuch books. The questions are usually asked on how do we know that death of Joseph = 2308 years after creation)

Therefore, this round i went through the calculation of the genealogy written in Gen 11 to come up with the chart that will link the 3 blog entries up.

I made use of Excel to help prevent calculation error, as the calculation required are so numerous, I would not be surprised if I made a mistake or two.

Generally the timeline between Noah to Isaac should look like this

Noah to Isaac

Here are some interesting facts I gathered while working on the chart.

1. Noah was in fact still alive when Abraham was born in Ur of the Chaldeans
2. When Abraham left Ur at the age of 75 (Gen 12:4) , Noah died  18 years earlier.
3. Shem is alive and well when Isaac was born
a. In fact, he is even alive when Esau and Jacob were born
b. Shem died 20 years before Jacob fled his house to stay with Laban
c. Shem was the last person who had seen the pre flood world.

Out of curiosity, I decided to include the birth of Joseph to the timeline to see if any of the pre-flood characters were still alive when Joseph is born, but the answer is a straight no.

Counting the time from Creation

Personally i am just compiling this time-line base on the assumption that the bible genealogies written in Genesis are complete and accurate, I am in no way suggesting that the reading i gathered here are absolute and can be scientifically proven.

However, we know that sometimes when the bible reports genealogies, there are records where names are left out or summarised. (For Example: The genealogy of Jesus in Lk 3:23-38 is an example of a Genealogy with names left out )

So I just urge readers to have a open mind when reading this.

1. From Adam to Noah entering the ark  = 1656 years from creation
2. After the flood, Noah lived for 350 years = 2006  years from creation
3. From Death of Noah to the Birth of Isaac 43 years = 2049 years from creation
4. From Birth of Isaac to the death of Joseph is 260 years = 2309 years from creation

Now assuming if the 430 years of Israel in Egypt (Ex 12:41)  started when Jacob moves to Egypt. we must take out 53 years

2309 –70 = 2239 years from creation

By the time the Israelites left Egypt it should be

2239+430 years  = 2669 years from creation

That will mean at the end of the 40 years in the wilderness its

2669 + 40 = 2709 years from creation

To those who are wondering why then is there a discrepancy of 1 year, that is because i am still unsure if the age of Shem is 102 or 103 when his son was born.

Hope it clarifies how the numbers are derived.

I was talking to a friend and she requested for a summary of the books of the law. As I was rearranging and representing the data to her, I was thinking it would be worthwhile to put it on my blog.

What Is The Pentateuch Books?

They are simply the first 5 books of the old testament in the bible. They are usually referred by Christians as “The Law Of Moses” and to the Jews as “Torah”.

The books are made up of 5 scrolls, in the following table

No English Name Hebrew Name Hebrew Meaning
1 Genesis Bereshit “In The Begining”
2 Exodus Shemot “Names”
3 Leviticus Vayikra “And He Called”
4 Numbers Bamidbar “In The Desert”
5 Deuteronomy Devarim “Words”

Most people do not doubt that it is written by Moses during the last 40 years of his life leading the Israelites. though there are some who wonder how did he record his own death on Mount Nebo, so there are people who felt that perhaps Joshua completed the last chapter of Deuteronomy for him, and wrote it for him. But Some also felt that it is possible that God inspired Moses to write his own death, just like how Jesus is able to tell Simon Peter how he would die. (Jn 21:18-19)

Though there are many people who argued if the records is chronological, i will think they are, as they seems to be written one after the other, I personally feel that Gen-The early part of numbers should be written when the Israelites dwell in Sinai. Moses recorded the passage from Sinai to Kadesh in detailed, as well as the incident which the spies are sent across to Canaan. The incident turn the name of Kadesh (Meaning Holy) to Kadesh Barnea (Wandering People). then he went on to write the boo of numbers while they are travelling in the wilderness, recording only the first and the last 2 years of the travels.

Finally it ended with the book of Deuteronomy, when Moses spoke to the second generation of Israelites, to review with them the journey and to remind them to keep the word of God. This book must have been written when the Israelites were at the border of Canaan and are preparing to conquer the place. As it contains the last sermon of Moses.

Therefore listing out the books in chronological order, i will believe that they will look like this

A Time chart of Pentateuch books in Chronological Order

A Time chart of Pentateuch books in Chronological Order

Overview Of Genesis

The Synopsis of Genesis is as follows

Chapt 1-11 : Creation, fall, flood and the tower of Babel
Chapt 12-24 : The Life of Abraham
Chapt 25-26 : The Life of Issac
Chapt 26-35: The Life of Jacob
Chapt 35-50 : The Life Of Joseph

Generally, the most disputed part of the book lies from Gen 1-11 where it talks about a time which both science and religion cannot fully prove. As my purpose is only to give an overview, I would not be dwelling into the proofs of Genesis.

The book explained how the Patriarchs move to Egypt, and about the fact that God told Abraham that they will be in Egypt for 400 years. The book that talks about creation ironically ended with the verse
“So Joseph died, being one hundred and ten years old; and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.” – Moses (Gen 50:26).

Joseph left his coffin as a reminder to the Israelites that one day they will need to leave Egypt, he gave them specific instructions to carry his remains out from Egypt when God fulfilled his promise to bring them back to the land of Canaan. This is an act of faith because his coffin would have to be left untouched for 400 years. Finally the Israelites left Egypt, they followed his instruction (Ex 13:19)

Overview Of Exodus

The book Of Exodus talks about a new king of Egypt who did not know Joseph aroused. He enslaved and tortured the Israelites, they build cities for him and were his slaves. Later on, he decided to kill all the males of the Israelites to force them to assimilate into the Egyptian population. One of the child survived and is called Moses, he grew up as the sons of the Pharaohs daughter he had a burning desire to serve God, but he was not ready, so God sent him into the wilderness of Midian to be a shepherd boy. Using him to lead the Israelites at the age of 80.

The Synopsis of Exodus is as follows
Chap 1-2 : The birth and early life of Moses
Chapt 3-5: Moses called by God to go to the Pharaoh
Chapt 6-13: The 10 plagues to Egypt
Chapt 13-17 : Red sea and the first 3 months of the Journey
Chapt 20-24: The first laws, the 10 commandments
Chapt 25-40 : The detail plans of the Tabernacle.

I have written a 6th part article on the 10 plagues, you can access all the post here

Overview Of Leviticus

The book of Leviticus was Gods Revelations to Moses regarding the matters of the Law. Its synopsis are as follow

Chapt 1-8 : Laws about Sacrifice and Offering
Chapt 8-10 : Start of Priesthood, death of Nadab and Abihu
Chapt 11-16: The Hygiene Law. Discerning Clean and Unclean
Chap 17-26: Rules of Conduct

Only Chapt 8-10 contains stories while the rest contains instructions. People who learn from law will be able to draw many teachings from the laws.

Overview Of Numbers

The book of numbers records the travels of the Israelites 40 years in the wilderness. It only records the first 2 years and the last 2 years of the journey. Throughout the journey, God continue to reveal his Laws to them, especially when they encounter situation and events.

The Synopsis are as follows.
1. The first 2 years of the travel (Num 1-13)
a. Complaints about food, Gods sending Quail and Manna
b. Complaints about water, Moses exhausted, 70 Elders Appointed To Assist
c. Aaron and Miriam Dissension with Moses, Gods punishment
2. Spying Canaan and Gods Punishment (Num 13-14)
a. 12 Spies, 10 with bad news, 2 with good news
b. Rebellion against God, judged by God
3. Second half of the Journey (Num 15-26)
a. Rebellion of Levites
b. Moses Error at Kadesh
c. Battle against King Sihon and King Og
d. Balaam hired to curse Israel
e. Balaam advice to Moab to commit immorality with Israel
f. Second Census of Israel

The Wilderness Journey is mentioned by God from then all the way to the new testament, learning from the lives of the Israelites contains many valuable lessons to Christians in their daily walk with God.

Overview Of Deuteronomy

The book of Deuteronomy is a series of Sermon spoken by Moses to the second generations of Israelites. These Israelites are born in the wilderness and have not seen the miracles of God in Egypt.

Generally its Synopsis are like this
Chapt 1-4 : Review of the Wilderness Journey
Chapt 4:-11 : Recap of the Law, especially the 10 commandment
Chapt 12-26: Other Laws
Chapt 27-28 : Blessing and Curses
Chapt 29-30 : Conclusion
Chapt 31-34 : Joshua appointed as the next leader

In fact this book is one which God through Moses instructed the kings to hand copy these books and meditate on them. IT is meant as a guiding principle for him when he rules from his throne. ( Duet 17:18-20)

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