Church


Introduction

Pneumatology is the Doctrine of the Holy Spirit. It is an important doctrine in Christianity. Many in Christendom wrote about it. But most of them would explain the Holy Spirit base on their own understanding. That is why today there are so many tongues speaking denominations. These denominations are build base on different understanding of the Holy Spirit.

But Jesus should be the person who is most familiar with the Holy Spirit. Therefore the Pneumatology of Christ is the one that is most accurate. For only Christ can explain how the Holy Spirit works the best.

Therefore Christians ought to check our understanding against the what Jesus taught. But in order to do so, we need to understand what Jesus said about the Holy Spirit. The teaching of Christ regarding the Holy Spirit is found in the bible. If we want to understand it, we need to examine all the verse that was spoken about it.

that is the only way to achieve a complete understanding.

The truth is, there are not many verses but yet these verse are far reaching and deep. That is why many in Christendom can write volumes and volumes of books regarding it.  But does the thickness of their book guarantee complete understanding? That may not be so, for the ability of man is limited. That is why the Holy Spirit is sent to help us understand the word of God.

PT 1: The Holy Spirit Is Here To Guide And Lead Us Into All Truth

One of the most important work of the Holy Spirit is to help us understand the words of Jesus. If we want to understand the truth in Christ, we need to ask the Holy Spirit to lead us to understand. As Jesus once said to his disciples

“I still have many things to say to you,
  but you cannot bear them now.
  However, when He, the Spirit of truth,
  has come, He will guide you into all truth;
  for He will not speak on His own authority,
  but whatever He hears He will speak; and
  He will tell you things to come.”- Jesus (Jn 16:12-13 )

While many understand that the Holy Spirit is a seal and guarantee of our inheritance (Eph 1:13-14)  and the Holy Spirit is the proof that we are the sons of the heavenly father. (Rom 8:14-17).. This understanding is correct, but incomplete, for it is one of his many works.  These verses refers to our life to come in the kingdom of heaven.

But What happens between now till the end of the world? What is the role of the Holy Spirit now? From here we know he is here to lead and guide us into all truth. That is why we need to seek for the infilling of the Holy Spirit. Infilling is not about how loud your tongue speaking is, but rather it is about how well we understand the truth and the scriptures.

One may be speaking in tongues, but the truth they hold on to may be incorrect. Some of their actions may even go against the truth in the bible.  They are unaware that their actions and thinking grieve the Holy Spirit.  For they no longer seek to understand the truth, but they want to hold on to what they think is right.

PT 1.1: How Does The Holy Spirit Help Us To Understand The Truth?

As Christian, we need to understand that only the truth from God can grant us salvation. That truth lies in the words of Jesus and we need to listen to him. The Holy Spirit primary purpose is to allow us to understand the words of Jesus.

It is not about just hearing the words of Christ, but we need to understand what he is talking about. While the function of the Holy Spirit is to help us understand and comprehend the words of God. Why is it that there are people who cannot understand even after listening to the scriptures?

In fact the bible is not mysterious writing, it is written plainly and are easy to read. The words spoken by Jesus and the stories in the gospel are easiest to understand. Some may find the Old Testament and the Torah difficult. Perhaps they can understand Genesis, Exodus but as they proceed to Leviticus they find it hard to follow. That is why many feel the new testament easy to read and the old testament too deep.  Now there are many scholars who publish lengthy exposition of the old testament. And swamps of people hero-worship their understanding.

But is the words of Jesus indeed so shallow?

Perhaps on the surface it is very easy to understand literally. but the Holy Spirit is here to lead us to understand the truth. It is not just a portion of it, but he is here to lead us deeper into all truth. So what does it mean to enter into all truth? How can one enter into truth?

Let us examine what it means to enter into the Truth. There are 2 aspects I can think of. But for this article we will look into one of these aspect.

PT 1.1.1: To Allow One to Have A Direct Relationship with the Truth.

The Holy Spirit is here to lead us into all truth, and that means to allow us to have a direct relation with the truth. This is not a mere superficial relationship where one merely listen to the words of God.

He is here to help us enter into the truth and achieve a deeper understanding. A deeper understanding is not about a mere academic or linguistic appreciation of the bible. But it refers to a deeper understanding. Whenever you read the passage again you will gain new perspective, new details. As the result you again new understanding, and that understanding will work in your heart. Exhorting you and strengthening your faith.

It will lead you in your resolve, and your heart to seek and follow the lesson you learn. There will be a change in you where others can see that you have entered into the truth.

Have you ever wonder why the same sermon produces different result?  There are some who are bored stiff while others are moved to tears. Some remain indifferent to the message while some repented and turn to the Lord. That is the result of the Holy Spirit moving within you, bringing you closer to God.

That is why the same message may be treated as pearls by some while other treat it like garbage.

The same observation can be seen when it comes to the understanding of the truth. The word of God can appear like dry grass to people. The more they hear it, the more frustrated they became. But to those who entered into the truth, they find it precious. The more they went deeper, the more treasure they found, they will say that the word of God is sweeter than honey.

It is at that point of time the truth had an impact and created a relationship between that man and God. As a result, that man will receive eternal life in the future. The truth will continue to cleanse his life of sin, give him strength to renew himself. It will bring him comfort and strength so that he can continue walking on that path to heaven. 

An Example From The Gospel

Why is it that the same words from a sermon when heard by 2 groups of people produces different result? There is one example in the gospel that fully illustrate this..

It is recorded in John 6:60-63

Jesus spoke a sermon where shared the truth with his followers. There are 2 different reaction that came from that sermon. Today we re able to know that when Jesus talks about eating his flesh and drinking his blood he is referring to the Holy communion which we now participate . By receiving the Holy Communion, we have eaten his flesh and drank his blood. As the result Christ will abide in us and we in him, and we will be raised in the last days.

We know that those who heard this teaching are not unbelievers, but disciples of Christ. They believed and followed him because they saw the authority and the power of Christ. But at this point of time, Jesus is no longer preforming his miracles but he is sharing a truth with them. Jesus wanted to lead them into the truth so they will have a relationship with him.

This relationship is not physical or superficial, but a spiritual relationship that is deep with God.  Jesus was sharing with them how to be joined to the life of Christ. Yet the disciples told Jesus

“This is a hard saying; who can understand it?”- Disciples (Jn 6:60)

What is the result of that sermon? They left Jesus. They followed him no more. (Jn 6:66)

Today if you follow Jesus for the sake of miracles, if you believe in him only because you see his power and miracles. Will you be able to follow Christ when he talk about the truth in the word of God? Will we be able to accept it, will we regard it as necessary and important?  Will we choose to leave Christ because we find it a hard saying?

But yet on the other hand we see another group, a minority. They took the effort to hear it, they ponder over the words of Christ. Even though they have not heard it before, but they understand that it concern eternal life. They open their hearts to it.

That is the point when the Holy Spirit moves them, and lead them into the truth. Even though they cannot fully or logically accept this truth. They are willing to obey and be moved by the Spirit of God.

When Jesus asked “Do you want to go away?”. What did they say?

“Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the 
  words of eternal life.  Also we have come to
  believe and know that You are the Christ,
  the Son of the living God.”- Peter (Jn 6:68-69)

Peter represented that minority who believed, who put in effort to listen to Christ. They paid attention to the truth and made a resolve to follow Christ.

Here is the difference between one guided by the Holy Spirit from one who is not lead by the Holy Spirit. The same sermon demonstrate these two different consequences.

PT 1.1.2: Is It The Holy Spirit Fault If we Fail To Enter Into Truth?

But this idea brings about a difficulty. Some will say they are unable to enter the truth for the Holy Spirit did not guide them. Does that mean that is is the Holy Spirit preventing them from understanding? So today if the words of God appear dry and boring, is it the Holy Spirit’s fault? 

If the Holy Spirit is not here, he cannot lead us into the truth. But now when he is here with us, why is it that not everyone understand the Truth?

The Holy Spirit may come and move you, but one can choose to close their heart to the Lord. It is not that the Holy Spirit is unwilling to lead, but our hearts are closed. We are unwilling to allow the Holy Spirit to guide us.

That is why we need to open our hearts , to draw near and communicate with God. If we are unwilling to open our hearts, how can the Holy Spirit move you?

In my church we have a habit of praying in silence before the service In it, though none of us ever tell each other what we pray about, but I would often ask God to guide us in this service, for hearts to be open to the truth.  I will pray that everyone can understand the truth of God.

For speakers can only explain the words of the bible to their best ability. They can try to present their points logically and clearly. But they cannot open our hearts. Only the Holy Spirit can open the hearts of the listeners and he will not force his way into your heart.

Unless one is willing to open his heart to pursue and learn the truth, than the Holy Spirit will guide. That is also why we often hear that Jesus is knocking at the door of our hearts. On the sermon of the mount he said, “Blessed are those who thirst and are poor in spirit” . But are we poor in Spirit? Do we long for God like the deer pants for water?

The Importance Of Desiring The Truth

There are many things that we want, but do we desire the truth of God? If we only listen to the word of God, then our relationship with God will only be superficial. It will be difficult to enter into truth if we only use our ears and not our heart.

At best that understanding will only remain as an superficial academic knowledge. That is the reason why the word of God is unable to move our hearts. The Holy Spirit wanted to move us in our hearts, to lead us to think about the word of God and most importantly to enter into truth.

If we enter into the truth, our lives will be renewed and our faith will grow. Then we can understand the truth and enter into salvation. That is the important work of the Holy Spirit, and it is the aspect that we tend to neglect.

Christians often neglect the importance of entering into truth and being renewed in Spirit. Even though we serve in various ministry, and are zealous in our work. Even though we offered much to the church, but the truth of Christ did not change us in anyway.

We remain that same old self before we know Christ. We remain greedy, bad tempered, full of pride and the wrong concepts of God. We did not bear the fruit of the spirit nor did we change to be like Christ. If Christ were to come again, can our old unrepentant self be saved?

Perhaps we have served in many ministries within the church, but we failed in the most important duty, that is to allow the Holy Spirit to lead us into the truth.  That is what Jesus really wants us to do

“This is the work of God, that
  you believe in Him whom He
  sent.” – Jesus (Jn 6:29)

We often define divine work as serving in the ministry, helping the poor, and preaching the gospel. But when the people asked Jesus “What shall we do, that we may work the works of God?”

Jesus simply said that it is to believe in Jesus. If you truly believe in Christ, you will submit and follow Christ, you will emulate him. If we are able to do that, we have did the most basic of the will of God.

For God wants to save us, he want us to work with him to lead others to repentance. If we are able to do so, we have indeed done the work of God. 

Working Out Our Salvation

Paul once said

“Therefore, my beloved, as you have
  always obeyed, not as in my presence only,
  but now much more in my absence, work out
   your own salvation with fear and trembling; 1
 
for it is God who works in you both to will
  and to do for His good pleasure. “- Paul (Php 2:12-13)

Paul wanted us to work out our salvation with fear and trembling. We need to resolve to work out our salvation. Then God will work with us to do his good pleasure. The Holy Spirit is here to lead us into all truth.

It is not just to give us a mere understanding of the truth, but it can allow us to have a direct relationship with God through it. We need to obey the truth and allow it to sanctify our lives. Then we will slowly change and Christ will be form in us.

What It Means To Enter Into Truth?

The Holy Spirit is a guaranty and an evidence of our salvation This is seem clearly in Eph 1:13-14. But such knowledge is only superficial and mere touching the surface. We may have understood this, but have we entered into the truth of salvation?

When Paul wrote the book of Ephesians they have not fully entered into the truth. They have their spiritual life reborn, they have began their life of faith, but there was no change in their lives. Even though they spoke in tongues and preach the the truth of Christ, though they serve in various ministries but they are negligent in Spiritual Nurture. They have not entered into the truth, nor did they have a relationship with the truth.

That is why Paul reminded them
“But you have not so learned Christ,  if
  indeed you have heard Him and have
  been taught by Him, as the truth is in Jesus:
  
that you put off, concerning your former
  conduct, the old man which grows corrupt
  according to the deceitful lusts,”” –Paul (Eph 4:20-22)

Paul told them that they have no so learned Christ. If they truly hear the truth, they must enter and obey the truth. Allow it to change their life. They must no longer continue to do the things they used to do. If one truly enter the truth, people will see the change in us. We will become a new man, reflect the image of God.

To give us a practical example, Paul continue to give practical examples in Eph 4:25-29. And he gave us an important reminder.

“And do not grieve the Holy Spirit
  of God, by whom you were sealed
  for the day of redemption. “ – Paul (Eph 4:30)

Conclusion

The Holy Spirit is here to help us obey God, if we continue to remain in our old ways, we will grieve the Holy Spirit.  Eventually he will depart from us, and we will not be saved. That is why we must work out our salvation, believe in the truth, entered into truth and establish a relationship with it.

The truth is Christ, let us keep the Jesus and his teachings into our heart.  We must emulate him and follow him. This is the most important work. IT is one of the primary duty of the Holy Spirit from now till the end of times.

May God help all of us to understand this truth, may he continue to lead us. So that we will follow the truth and love it.

Today is the anniversary of my Grandma passing away. During this time last year I wrote 2 articles about her

The Unspoken Eulogy
Lyrics Of “The Homeland Shore”

Interestingly, her death anniversary is also very close to the birthday of her great grand child. IT had been a year and i miss her very much.  I know that Granny is with God and God had taken her back to him.

One day it will be my turn to fly away to God and I know i would have the chance to see her. So for this article, I would like to dedicate this piece of country hymn that her great grandchild will always react to when he heard it.

According to Wikipedia, this hymn was created in 1929 by  Albert E. Brumley and published in 1932 by the Hartford Music company in a collection titled Wonderful Message. The author is heavily influenced from secular ballads when he wrote the hymn.

But personally I love this hymn, simply because it reminded me that one day when my life is over, I will fly away too. A Christian funeral is not meant to be a sad affair, even though death means that we are parted from our loved ones, but we have a hope to reunite again.

Whenever my son hear this tune, i could feel him jumping to the tune as it was playing. So to mark the first year of granny passing. I would like to share this hymn. The version i have chosen is the version sang by the Late Joey Feek. It is the version that her great grandson loves to hear.

"I’ll Fly Away"

Some bright morning when this life is over, I’ll fly away
To that home on God’s celestial shore I’ll fly away,
I’ll fly away, oh glory, I’ll fly away
When I die hallelujah by and by, I’ll fly away

When the shadows of this life have gone, I’ll fly away
Like a bird from prison bars have flown, I’ll fly away
I’ll fly away, oh glory, I’ll fly away
When I die, hallelujah by and by, I’ll fly away
(Take it away)

Oh how glad and happy when we meet, I’ll fly away
No more cold iron shackles on my feet, I’ll fly away
I’ll fly away, oh glory, I’ll fly away
When I die, hallelujah by and by, I’ll fly away

Just a few more weary days and then, I’ll, I’ll fly away
To a land where joy will never end, I’ll fly away
(One more time)

I’ll fly away, oh glory, I’ll fly away
When I die, hallelujah by and by, I’ll fly away
When I die, hallelujah by and by, I’ll fly away

Introduction

In our pervious part of the series, we have looked into Sabbath from the Old Testament. Our topic is about Sabbath as described in the Mosaic Law. We understand that there are sabbaths from Festivals, sabbath year where planting is not allowed and the year of Jubilee that happen every 50 years (7 sabbatical cycle). These sabbaths are different from the Sabbath of the ten commandment

The Sabbath of the ten commandment is referring to the 7th day of the week. This is an institution that preceded the Mosaic Covenant and is given by God to his creation.

We went into the Torah and examine every verse about the Sabbath as mention in the Torah. The following is summary of what we learn

1. No work to be done on Sabbath (Men, animals, foreigner)
           a. But Priest must bake showbread, light the Lampstand in temple
           b. Soldiers can do their duty
           c. No burden is to be carried (most people carry burden to work)
2. Hold a holy convocation (gathering)
3. Do not light a fire
4. Offer an additional 2 lambs on top of the daily sacrifice
5. Remember that once you used to be slaves in Egypt and God saved you
6. Keep it Holy
          a. Refrain from doing your pleasure 
          b. Treat it as a delight and not a burden 
          c. Keep it out of reverence for God

Brief Lesson From History

But we know that Israel failed to keep it. As the result, the Kingdom of Israel and Judah were destroyed. Babylonian captivity came for 70 years.   When Israel return to rebuild Jerusalem, leaders like Nehemiah took active steps to set up rules to prevent Israel from breaking the Sabbath.

But by the time of Christ, the rules are piled up by generations and generations of Jews.  These rules started to be more and more ridiculous and impossible to follow. Here are some examples as listed in the gospel.
  
1. you can help a animal in the ditch but not save a human being (Matt 12:11)
2. You are not allowed to carry your bed  (Jn 5:10)
3. Not allowed to pluck head of grain to eat (Matt 12:1)
4. Not allowed to heal (Luke 14:3)
5. Not allowed to handle dead body (Lk 23:54-56)
6. Not allowed to walk a certain distance (Acts 1:12)

All these traditions are part of an Oral traditions kept by the Jews. These oral traditions are claimed to have descended from Moses. But yet these information are only known by the Pharisees. Strangely their Talmud get thicker and thicker over the years and today they even covered light blubs in fridges. Something that I am pretty sure Moses had no idea about.

The fact is, the Talmud is created by the Pharisees, the Pharisees was a group of Community Leaders that rose up during the Persian and Greek period after the Jews had return from Babylonian captivity.

They started as a innocent group of Jews who wanted to prevent themselves from breaking God commandments. But over time, their good intention lead them to create more and more rules and in each iteration, it got more and more ridiculous. These traditions are recorded and eventually codified into the Mishnah (1st and 2nd century CE) which evolves to the Jerusalem Talmud and the Babylonian Talmud.

The Babylonian Talmud is often singled out by by anti Rabbanic Judaism practitioners for condemnation in all their studies. 

The Problem Of Traditions

Perhaps by now you may ask. “So what’s so wrong about taking precautions not to break the Law of God? Is it not my personal freedom to enact my personal rule to prevent myself from sinning? If my traditions manage to keep me close to God, what’s your problem with it?”

To be honest, I have no problems with your personal traditions and if it brings you closer to God. You are free to do whatever you want, whatever you like. .But to those who are very passionate about enacting your own traditions.  Allow me to bring you one caution from Moses, the angel (Messenger)  who brought your beloved Torah to you.

“Now, O Israel, listen to the statutes and
  the judgments which I teach you to observe,
  that you may live, and go in and possess the
  land which the Lord God of your fathers is
  giving you. 
   You shall not add to the word which I command
  you, nor take from it, that you may keep the
  commandments of the Lord your God which
  I command you” – Moses (Deut 4:1-2)

While today many people are careful not to subtract from the Mosaic Law. But many of those who desperately wanted to keep the Mosaic Law, keep it on their own term. But doing so they are guilty of adding their own tradition on top of the Law of God. Just like the Pharisees who created their tradition.

While it is bad to subtract from the Law of God, it is equally bad to add traditions on top of the words of Moses. To create Oral traditions and claiming that they came together with the Law o God spoken to Moses is in fact going against the law of God.

We need to remember that the traditions we create are only useful at one particular point in history. The time will come where the tradition will outlive its usefulness and lose its relevance. Then it will turn into a burden that future generation will have to bear without gaining its benefits.

A Tradition that had outlived its usefulness at best would become an inconvenience that serve no benefits. But in its worst form a tradition that is held on too tightly can supersede the actual commandment of God.

Let us study an example in the bible. 

An Example To Share

Mark 7 contains an example of  a tradition that clashes with the commandments of God. Let us examine this dispute. 

“For the Pharisees and all the Jews
  do not eat unless they wash their
  hands in a special way, holding the
  tradition of the elders.
  When they come from the marketplace,
  they do not eat unless they wash.
  And there are many other things
  which they have received and hold,
  like the washing of cups, pitchers,
  copper vessels, and couches.” – Mark (Mk 7:3-4)

So the Pharisees and scribes confronted Jesus asking.

“Why do Your disciples not walk according to
  the tradition of the elders, but eat bread
  with unwashed hands?”- Pharisees and Scribes (Mk 7:5)

Jesus replied quoting from the book of Isaiah

“‘This people honors Me with their lips,
   But their heart is far from Me.
   And in vain they worship Me,
  Teaching as doctrines the commandments
  of men”” – Jesus (Mk 7:6-7)

He went on to quote another example. Within the ten commandments God said, 

“‘Honor your father and your mother’;
 
and, ‘He who curses father or mother,
  let him be put to death.”

But yet these people enacted a tradition saying
“If a man says to his father or mother,
  “Whatever profit you might have
  received from me is Corban”—’
  (that is, a gift to God),”

And now the man who said this had no longer the need to to take care of his parents.

Jesus concluded saying

“making the word of God of no effect
  through your tradition which you
  have handed down. And many such
  things you do.” – Jesus (Mk 7:13)

The traditions we create today may have the risk of going against the commandments of God. Perhaps in the very beginning it was not enacted against Gods commandments. But what will happen after many generations of implementation? What if our future generation took these tradition to the extreme and went against the word of God? 

Instead of forming traditions and correcting them later. Why not do away with them and choose to follow the Words of God directly?

Jesus The Lord Of The Sabbath

Today there are many within Christendom that advocate that Sabbath is invention of the Mosaic Covenant. Those who advocate it say that Jesus had nailed the Sabbath to the cross and do away with it.  If this is so then do Christians had to keep the Sabbath?

Was the Sabbath indeed nailed on the cross?

Jesus once declared

“The Sabbath was made for man,
  and not man for the Sabbath.
  Therefore the Son of Man is also
  Lord of the Sabbath.” – Jesus (Mk 2:7)

If Jesus is the Lord of the Sabbath, how can the Sabbath be abolished?

The sacrifice of the Lord takes away the curse of the Law. Jesus had nailed the punishments for sin in the Mosaic Covenant to the cross. He had fulfilled the requirements of all feast and sacrifices.

Keeping The Spirit Of The Mosaic Covenant. 

When he died, he became the Passover lamb that was killed. His body was sinless. That is why he is the bread of life to Christians. That is why we as Christians need to keep the institutions that he had commanded us. For our Covenant is with Christ and that Covenant is not the same as the Covenant of Moses.

At baptism we received the blood of Christ, that is when sins are forgiven. That is why we keep the institution of Christ, instituted on that Last Passover in the world. We take the Holy Communion , eating the unleavened bread which is his body, and drinking the grape juice that is his blood. That is why we wash our feet after baptism to have a part with Christ. 

For Christ was the the first fruits of those who resurrect. When he died, the veil in the temple was torn to two. Under the Mosaic Covenant, the glory of God is separated and hidden away from man behind the veil. Men were not to pass the veil except on the day of atonement.

But now with the sacrifice of Christ the veil was torn into two ,for man can now come to God directly to ask for forgiveness instead of using the blood of animals to atone for their sin.

At the same time, those who are faithful to him under the Mosaic covenant were resurrected at the death of Christ. (Matt 27:51-53). It is these Old testament believers who are the Omers that ought to be counted. For they are redeemed by Christ. all the sacrifices they made in the feast, all the sins that are atone by the blood of animals are fulfilled by Christ.

Under the mosaic covenant, God could only dwell with Israel through the taberacle confined in the Holies of Holies which is cleanse yearly though the blood of animals. God had wanted to dwell with man but because of sin, man cannot draw near to God. That is why they could only appear before the Lord in 3 pilgrim festival. (AKA Feast of the Lord).

But now under the covenant of Christ, sins are forgiven and man are justified. As the result the Spirit of God can now dwell in the hearts of man, helping man to remember the words and commandments of God. Giving them comfort and strength to keep his commandments. That is why the spirit of God came to the people on Pentecost when the counting of Omer is completed and those who are part of the first harvest are complete.

The remaining work in a Christian perspective are all found in the fall feast. We no longer blow the trumpet to signal the start of the day of atonement. For the sacrifice of Christ is once and for all, Christ had entered into the Holies of Holies with his blood.   From then on, the presence of God is no longer confined in the Holies of Holies, he is dwelling the in hearts of every believer who are washed by the blood of Christ,  Jews and gentiles alike, they are all to be saved by the covenant of Jesus.

Today, as Christians, we ought to live a life of a sojourner dwelling in booths. This is no longer a 7 day affair, but a lifetime affair. For we are called out from the world just like how God called Israel out of Egypt. We are to dwell in tents, reminding ourselves that our final destination is the Kingdom of God.

Conclusion

Signing that Covenant with Christ  does not change the fact that God blessed the seventh day and hallowed the Sabbath. It does not change the fact that God had established the Sabbath at creation.

Christ had fulfilled the requirement of the Law of Moses, he had saved us from the curse of the Law nailing the writing that was against us to the cross. That is why  Christians are not stoned to death of failing to keep the Sabbath. Why we are no longer judged for lighting a fire. There is no longer the requirement to burn additional animal as offering on the Sabbath.

However as Christians we must keep the Spirit Of The Law as well as the ten commandments. We have need to observe the Sabbath. But our keeping of the Sabbath differs from the Jews in many ways.

Today Christian who keep the Sabbath in the following way.

1. No work to be done on Sabbath 
2. Hold a holy convocation (gathering for worship) 
3. Remember that there is an eternal rest for us in the Kingdom of Heaven  
4. Keep it Holy
          a. Refrain from doing your pleasure 
          b. Treat it as a delight and not a burden 
          c. To keep it out of a love for God

Besides that we are to observe  what Jesus taught us about keeping the Sabbath. What are they? We will read them together in the last blog entry of this series.

Recently I came across a series of video comparing the Christian Baptism with the Jewish Mikvah .  Calling the Christian baptism a Mikvah. He even went one step further saying that because John the Baptist was a Kohen (Priest) hence he was doing Mikvah and it is translated as baptism. He had this idea because some Jewish Rabbi explained that Baptism is equivalent to a Mikvah

https://youtu.be/vL90nL3n7fs
https://youtu.be/sRDaP65iUG8
https://youtu.be/3u3_4NApO48

He went on to quote Heb 6 and tell the believers to leave the discussion of the elementary principles of Christ, let us go on to perfection. And his idea of perfection is to share about the types of “"Baptism” in the bible which he said are baptism a Christian ought to go through

1. Baptism of Purification (OT Mikvah)
2. Baptism of Repentance (Johns Baptism)
3. Baptism of Identification (Perform by the apostles to identify themselves with Christ)
4. Baptism of Spirit (which he felt are languages and not tongues)
5. Baptism of fire (seem to be refer to temptation , trials)
6. Baptism of suffering (Suffering of Christ on the cross, suffering of Apostles while preaching)

Initial Reaction

Fact is, there are some similarities between the Law of Purification in the Mosaic Covenant with Christian baptism. The similarities that come to my mind immediately are these

1. Under the Mosaic Law, Running (Same word as Living) are used for some of the rites
             a. There are others which just require the candidate to be bath in water
2. Many of the purification rites involves full immersion into running water.

It would be incorrect to equate baptism with a Mikvah. for there are massive differences between the two.  Lets examine the differences in a nutshell

A Mikvah A Baptism (John & Jesus)
A Mikvah washing is usually done
alone, by the individual who is unclean
There is no one administering the washing.
(Exception : Red Heifer and Lepers)
Baptism of John (Repentence) is administered
by John the Baptist to his followers

Baptism of Christ is administered by the
disciples of Jesus on believers

A person goes through Mikvah when they
are unclean. They have to do it whenever
they became unclean. Here are some 
reasons for using a Mikvah
1. Cleanse of Leprosy (Lev 14)
2. Bodily discharge (Lev 15:2-3)
3. Sexual encounter (Lev 15:16-18)
4. Menstrual Period (Lev 15:19-23  )
5. Childbirth (not from Moses)
6. Priest  red Heifer ritual (Lev 16:26,28)
7. In contact with dead body (Lev 17:15)
8. Nazirite (Not from Moses)
    (CF : Num 19:1-21)
9. Conversion to Judaism (Not from
    Moses)
John did not baptise his disciples many times.

Those who are baptised by John need to
believe in Jesus and be re-baptised by the
Apostles again.

The purpose of baptism by the Apostles
is seen clearly in acts.

“Repent, and let every one of you be 
  baptized in the name of Jesus Christ
  for the remission of sins; and you shall
  receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.” (Acts 2:38)

While the many of the purification
requires running water. Quite a number
just required the person to bath in water
John and the disciples of Christ always conduct
baptism in living water. Despite the fact
that numerous mikvahs existing. 
                       
Definition of Living waters: Rivers, Oasis, Sea

That is why I do not equate baptisms with the Jewish Mikvah. Even though the actions and the water used could be similar, it s purpose, frequency of use, are different. Those who read Lev 14-17 may have realised that the reasons for Mikvah is somewhat similar to the reasons why we take a shower today. Perhaps that is what the Torah actually meant. The fact is that we will all do it by ourselves in the modern era.

Interestingly, Apostle Peter made a distinction between baptism and mikvah telling us that Baptism is the one that can save.

“There is also an antitype which now saves us—
  baptism (not the removal of the filth of the flesh,
  but the answer of a good conscience toward God),
  through the resurrection of Jesus Christ,” – Peter (1 Pet 3:21)

He tells us that Baptism is made effective through the resurrection of Christ.

Misconceptions #1 : The Book Of Hebrews Are Written To Messianic Jews

The Audience Of Hebrews Are Jewish Christians who need to understand the differences between their old faith following the Mosaic covenant and their new Covenant with Christ. It is written to help them appreciate the difference between the Mosaic Covenant and their faith in Christ

When the Author of Hebrew encourage the Christians to to leave the discussion of the elementary principles of Christ, on to perfection. He did not negate the need for Baptism, but rather he wanted them to go deeper, to have a perfect understanding of Christ.

As Jesus one ask ““But why do you call Me ‘Lord, Lord,’ and not do the things which I say?”(Lk 6:46). How can one leave the elementary principles of Christ without even practicing it in the first place?

The process of perfecting faith starts with basic obedience, having their sin washed away, recieving the Spirit of God to counsel and guide them to the truth. Walking slowly but surely to put off their old conduct and to follow the commandments of God. With the blood of Jesus continuing to forgive them of their sins and transgression along the way.

Only then can one finish his journey to heaven.

Misconceptions #2 : Is John the Baptist Conducting Mikvah?

Personally I am surprised that Mr Rood just equated Mikvah with Baptism just because some Jewish Rabbis said so.  Even though I agree that John is a Kohen(Priest) as he descended from a family of Priest. I agree that he is well acquainted with the law of Moses with regard to cleanliness.

But the fact remains, that even though there are many Mikvahs all over Israel. John choose to perform his baptism in a river. When others question him behind his actions, he answered that God sent him to perform his baptism. He never said that what he was doing is according to the Law of Moses.

What is most interesting is that his actions puzzled the Pharisees

“Why then do you baptize if you are
  not the Christ, nor Elijah, nor the Prophet?” – Pharisees

At that point of time he could have invoked his status as Kohen performing the law of Moses. But instead he answered 

“I baptize with water, but there stands One
  among you whom you do not know.  It is He
  who, coming after me, is preferred before me,
  whose sandal strap I am not worthy to loose.” – John the Baptist (Jn 1:26-27)

Later on John bore testimony of Jesus saying

“I saw the Spirit descending from heaven
  like a dove, and He remained upon Him.
  I did not know Him, but He who sent
  me to baptize with water said to me,
  ‘Upon whom you see the Spirit
  descending, and remaining on Him,
  this is He who baptizes with the Holy Spirit.’ 
   And I have seen and testified that this is the
   Son of God.” – John the Baptist (Jn 1:32-33)

It seems that the entire purpose of the ministry of John had 2 purpose

Indeed, he was here to tell people to restore the faith of Israel and to turn them back to God. He is indeed the last prophet of the Mosaic Covenant. He is here to tell Israel to repent and return to God. For the Kingdom of God is coming. Meaning to say Christ is coming and he will be his Kingdom.

“For all the prophets and
  the law prophesied until John.”  – Jesus (Matt 11:13)

His second purpose is to perform baptism (as instructed by God) to identify the Messiah. He is waiting to see a baptismal candidate whom the Spirit of God would descend on him. The purpose of his baptism is NOT the same as a mikvah. For Mikvah is done for the sake of personal hygiene and not to identify the messiah.

Misconceptions #3 : Is The Baptism of Christ merely a Baptism of Identification?

Mr Rood merely describes baptism as a baptism of Identification. Indeed, when a person received Baptism, he is identified with Christ.

Just as Paul once mentioned to the Galatians

“For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus.
  For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put 
  on Christ.  There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither
  slave nor free, there is neither male nor female;
  for you are all one in Christ Jesus.  And if you are Christ’s,
  then you are Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the
  promise.” – Paul (Gal 3:26-29)

This baptism also broke the wall of separation between Jews who practice the Mosaic covenant and gentiles. Allowing all to become the seed of Abraham and to inherit the promise of God.

But Baptism is more than just about identification. For the disciples repeatedly declare that Baptism is done for the forgiveness of sin.

“Repent, and let every one of you be 
  baptized in the name of Jesus Christ
  for the remission of sins; and you shall
  receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. “- Peter (Acts 2:38)

“And now why are you waiting? Arise
  and be baptized, and wash away your sins,
  calling on the name of the Lord.’”- Ananias (Acts 22:16)

This is so important to the disciples that even when they encountered disciples of John the Baptist.  They will insist that they need to be baptised in the name of Jesus. (Acts 19:5)

“John indeed baptized with a baptism of
  repentance, saying to the people that they
  should believe on Him who would come
  after him, that is, on Christ Jesus.”- Paul (Acts 19:4)

Why is baptism so important to them? what really happens when a person is dipped into the water at the point of Baptism.

Or do you not know that as many of us as were
  baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into
  His death? 
   Therefore we were buried with Him through
  baptism into death, that just as Christ was
  raised from the dead by the glory of the Father,
  even so we also should walk in newness of life.” – Paul (Rom 6:3-4)

The truth is that when a person is baptised, he is crucified with Christ and died with him. When he get out from that river of living water, (John and Jesus disciples baptised in living water all along). That person is no longer a sinner, for he had died with Christ in the water.

It is no wonder that Peter tells us that the antitype that now save us is baptism (1 Pet 3:21). That baptism is no Mikvah, it is nothing about personal hygiene or the removal of filth from the flesh. It is about allowing the blood of Christ to forgive you of sin. 

How about Baptism Of Spirit, Fire and Suffering?

I believe in the baptism of the Holy Spirit. I talked about it here.  Though i am pretty much sure that my definition of tongues speaking wont be like how Mr Rood describes.

I believe that a Christian life will undergo temptation, trial, suffering (His Baptism of fire). Even though i usually do not call that a baptism. But in that aspect, I agree with Mr Rood that the baptism of fire and suffering will come. But remember, it is God who decide what we will encounter.

I have also encountered many Christians who had a smooth sailing life without much suffering and sometimes. I too make the same mistake like Peter when the Lord showed him how he will die and glorify the Lord

“Peter, seeing him, said to Jesus, 
  “But Lord, what about this man?”
  Jesus said to him, “If I will that he
  remain till I come, what is that to
  you? You follow Me.” – John (Jn 21:21-22)

As Christians we are not to compare our suffering and see “Who got it worst".  We are also not to question God why some of us do not go through the same trials and suffering. For God had appointed what we can handle and had given them to us. Let us walk bravely in our lives of faith. 

So How Do We Moved From Elementary Principles of Christ, On to Perfection?

We need to grow in our faith. While growth is a large topic. Let me break down a few important points quickly. As this article had taken more effort than I expected.

1. Grow in the knowledge of the Word of God

While many Christian today focus only on the love of God and nothing else. Let us dig deep into the scriptures to understand that our covenant with Christ has its requirements on us. We must adhere to the Commandments of God

Let us not foolishly think that having the salvation of Christ  means there is no longer a need to adhere to the commandments and moral standards of the old testament (Matt 5:17-20)
””For I say to you, that unless your
  righteousness exceeds the righteousness
  of the scribes and Pharisees, you will
  by no means enter the kingdom of heaven.” – Jesus (Matt 5:20)

We are to adhere to the moral standards set by God since Sinai as well as to follow the instructions of Jesus. Then we would be saved. We need to be able to see Christ from Moses all the way to the new testament

2. Put To Death Our Old Sinful Nature, Put On Christ

It is true that many Christians are unable to go beyond the elementary principles of Christ. Their faith remained the same at the point of Baptism. There is no change in their lives, they allowed their old sinful self to continue living within them.

As Paul once told the Ephesian church

“This I say, therefore, and testify in the Lord,
  that you should no longer walk as the rest of
 
the Gentiles walk, in the futility of their mind, 
   having their understanding darkened, being
  alienated from the life of God, because of the
  ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness
  of their heart;  who, being past feeling, have
   given themselves over to lewdness, to work all
  uncleanness with greediness

  But you have not so learned Christ,  if indeed you
  have heard Him and have been taught by Him, as
  the truth is in Jesus: that you put off, concerning
  your former conduct, the old man which grows
  corrupt according to the deceitful lusts, and be
  renewed in the spirit of your mind,  and that you
  put on the new man which was created according
  to God, in true righteousness and holiness..” – Paul (Eph 4:17-24)

3. To Resolve To Live For Christ

Today when Christianity talks about love, it is almost 90% about how to love one another. In that aspect, the church had did very well. However a Christians love is not just about love between fellow man. It is about  love of God as well.

To love God is to follow his commands and not sin. To Love God is to rejoice in the truth. Paul taught the Corinthian something about living of Christ

“For the love of Christ compels us, because
  we judge thus: that if One died for all,
  then all died; 
   and He died for all, that those who live should
  live no longer for themselves, but for Him who
  died for them and rose again. “- Paul(2 Cor 5:13-15)

So what does it really mean to live for Christ?

It is indeed a broad topic and I hope I will be able to share them with you. For Parenting duties does take out a lot of time which is used for  blogging.

So far we have explored many aspect of Jewish Ceremonial laws in the Shadow Of The Old Testament Series

This is what we have discussed so far

1. The Fall Feast (Part 1)
2. Pauls Explanation Of Col 2 (Part 2)
3. Day Of Atonement (Part 3)
4. Feast Of The Tabernacles (Part 4)
5. Clean And Unclean Meat (Part 5 , Part 6)
6. Burning Of Incense (Part 7, Part 8
7. Lighting Of Lamp (Part 9, Part 10 )
8. Offering Of Sacrifice (Part 11, Part 12)
9. Esther and Purim ( Part 13)
10. The Spring Feast (Part 14)
11. Jesus , The True Passover Lamb (Part 15)
12. The Red Heifer (Part 16, Part 17)

I was supposed to share this on Pentacost day, but my blogging software ran into some issues.

Purpose Of Pentecost (Feast Of The Weeks , Shavuot)

The Purpose OF the Feast, as mentioned in the Torah is as follows

“You shall rejoice before the Lord your God,
  you and your son and your daughter, your
  male servant and your female servant, the
  Levite who is within your gates, the stranger
  and the fatherless and the widow who are
  among you, at the place where the Lord your
  God chooses to make His name abide. And
  you shall remember that you were a slave
   in Egypt, and you shall be careful to observe
  these statutes.”- Moses (Deut 16:11)

The real reason behind the festival is to remember the grace of God that he had brought Israel into the land of Israel. Prior to that the Jews will be counting the Omer. Between Passover to Pentacost, there are about 49 days (7 Sabbaths)

On that day Israel is supposed to offer two young bulls, one ram, and seven lambs in their first year. (Num 28:27)

Christ And First Fruits

Many Christians said that Christ is the first fruit of resurrection. But those who think like this tend to forget about another significant event that happen at the point when Jesus died on the cross. Matthew wrote about it.

“Then, behold, the veil of the temple
  was torn in two from top to bottom;
  and the earth quaked, and the rocks
  were split, and the graves were opened;
  and many bodies of the saints who had
  fallen asleep were raised;  and coming
  out of the graves after His resurrection,
  they went into the holy city and
  appeared to many.” – Matthew (Matt 27:51-53)

When Christ is raised, he was not the only one that was raise. All the Saints of the Old Testament who kept the Mosaic covenant were raised alongside with him. It is at that point all the rituals and statutes of the Mosaic Covenant had the power to save. That is also the time when the Mosaic Covenant is fulfilled completely.

From that point onwards, both Jews and Gentiles had to sign the Covenant with Christ through baptism to be saved.  Unlike the Mosaic Covenant, they are not to enter into the land of Canaan, but they are suppose to enter the Kingdom of Heaven, which is the city that all the Jewish forefather look forward to.

Those who kept the Mosaic Covenant and were save, were those who resurrected together with Christ. When Christ fulfil that Covenant by being the Passover lamb, he saved all of them and bring them into heaven.

Under the Covenant of Christ we are no longer going to inherit the physical land of Canaan but to inherit the Spiritual promise land.  Like Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, we now look forward to the city where the maker is God.

That is why Christians today no longer celebrate Pentecost to celebrate their entry into the land of Canaan. We are not farmers, so we have no Omers to count, but we keep the spirit of these feast. Knowing that God had rescued us from being slaves to sin and made us the slaves of righteousness. We as Christians ought to celebrate the fact that through the Covenant of Christ we are now Abraham’s descendent. Today we are freed from sin and we are no longer slaves of sin but slaves to righteousness. 

The Establishment Of The Church Through His Spirit On Pentecost

That is why Christ chose the day of Pentecost to establish his church. In Acts 2 the first Christians are gathered in the upper house of John Mark in Jerusalem. It was the Pentecost, where many Pilgrims from the Jewish diaspora returned to Jerusalem to keep the feast.

Jesus had promised his disciples

“If you love Me, keep My commandments.
 
And I will pray the Father, and He will 
give you another Helper, that He may 
abide with you forever—
 
the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot
  receive, because it neither sees Him nor
   knows Him; but you know Him, for He
  dwells with you and will be in you. 
   I will not leave you orphans; I will come to you.”- Jesus (Jn 14:15-18)

Which later he spoke before he ascended to heaven he told his disciples

“you have heard from Me;  for John truly
  baptized with water, but you shall be 
  baptized with the Holy Spirit not many
  days from now … ….

  But you shall receive power when the
  Holy Spirit has come upon you; and
  you shall be witnesses to Me in Jerusalem,
  and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the
  end of the earth.”- Jesus (Acts 1:4-5, 8)

The disciples followed his instruction and continued to wait and pray. Acts 2 narrated the coming of the Holy Spirit

“And suddenly there came a
  sound from heaven, as of a
  rushing mighty wind, and it
  filled the whole house where
  they were sitting.
  
Then there appeared to them
  divided tongues, as of fire, and
  one sat upon each of them. 
  And they were all filled with
  the Holy Spirit and began to
  speak with other tongues, as
  the Spirit gave them utterance.” – Luke (Acts 2:2-4)

While today many in Christendom debate over what tongues sounded like. But we know that it is no normal language. it is a type of Utterance. It was very loud, and many of the pilgrims who came to Jerusalem for Pentecost gathered near the upper room to witness what the din is all about.

But as they gathered. They saw a group of 120 disciples given utterance by the Holy Spirit, but yet they heard them speaking in their own languages. These are the location where they are from
1. Parthians
2. Medes
3. Elamites, 
4.  Mesopotamia,
5.  Judea and
6. Cappadocia,
7. Pontus 
8.  Asia,
9. Phrygia
10. Pamphylia,
11. Egypt and the
12. parts of Libya adjoining Cyrene,
13.  visitors from Rome,
14. Cretans
15. Arabs

Today many who are anti tongues speaking claim that the utterance was assortment of languages and not an unknown tongue. But I would like to encourage those who think so to try this simple experiment.

1. Get 15 different bibles in different language (tongues) turn to Matt 6:9-13)
2. Each of you recite the Lords prayer in your own language
3. See if you can hear distinctly 15 languages clearly.

In Acts 2 there are 2 miracles that happen. The first was that those 120 disciples spoke in an unknown tongue. One that cannot be understood clearly. The second being that some of those who gathered were moved by the spirit of God to interpreted the tongue. that is why they could hear it by their own language.

“we hear them speaking in
  our own tongues the wonderful
  works of God” – Crowd at the upper room (Acts 2:11)

While those who hear the tongues speaking at not the interpreting mocked “They are full of new wine.” . they felt that these disciples were drunk.

Today many claims that when one believe in Christ he received the Holy Spirit. But in Acts these two event are not related and separated. For when the gospel is preached to Samaria, the book of acts recorded

“Now when the apostles who were at
  Jerusalem heard that Samaria had
  received the word of God, they sent
  Peter and John to them,  who, when
  they had come down, prayed for them
  that they might receive the Holy Spirit.”- Luke (Acts 2:14-15)

In Acts 10 the method that the disciples used to determine if one recieved the Holy Spirit is clearly stated

“And those of the circumcision who
  believed were astonished, as many
  as came with Peter, because the gift
  of the Holy Spirit had been poured
  out on the Gentiles also.
   
For they heard them speak with
  tongues and magnify God.
’”- Luke (Acts 10:45-46)

Peter when recalling this event compared it to Acts 2 saying.

“And as I began to speak, the Holy Spirit
  fell upon them, as upon us at the
  beginning” – Peter (Acts 11:15)

This same standard was used by Paul when he was preaching in Ephesus

And when Paul had laid hands on
  them, the Holy Spirit came upon
  them, and they spoke with tongues
  and prophesied.”- Luke (Acts 19:6)

The Purpose Why God Poured His Spirit Onto Men

The purpose of Tongues Speaking is an evidence of receiving the Holy Spirit. But the Holy Spirit is not here just as a sound that irritates people when we pray. The Holy Spirit is a guarantee and seal that indicate that we are the children of God.

As Paul once said

“In Him you also trusted, after you
  heard the word of truth, the gospel
  of your salvation; in whom also,
  having believed, you were sealed
  with the Holy Spirit of promise,
 
who is the guarantee of our inheritance
  until the redemption of the purchased 
  possession, to the praise of His glory.” – Paul (Eph 1:13-14)

The Holy Spirit is sent to the world for 3 purpose

“And when He has come, He will convict
  the world of sin, and of righteousness,
  and of judgment: 
   of sin, because they do not believe in Me;
   of righteousness, because I go to My Father
   and you see Me no more; 
   of judgment, because the ruler of this
  world is judged.”- Jesus (Jn 16:8-10)

The Holy Spirit  is given to believers and it is God living within them. Jesus once describe what the Holy Spirit does

“I still have many things to say to you,
  but you cannot bear them now.
  
However, when He, the Spirit of truth,
  has come, He will guide you into all truth;
  for He will not speak on His own authority,
  but whatever He hears He will speak; and
  He will tell you things to come.” – Jesus (Jn 16:12-14)

He is here to help believers as a counsellor, to remind the believers the importance of keeping the word of God. To provide them comfort and strength in times of difficulty and to continually make supplication for believers before God as they pray.

We would go into this details in a separate series.

Conclusion

This article is mainly written to talk about Pentecost. In this study we have looked into the Mosaic Covenant and what Pentecost meant to the keepers of the Torah.

It is meant as a day of Thanksgiving where they remember the fact that they used to be slaves in Egypt. That is why they need to go up to Jerusalem for a sacrifice. It is one of the 3 festivals where the Israelites had to travel to Jerusalem to keep it.

We looked into the idea of first fruits. Knowing that along with Christ the saints of the old testament were raised  at the same time of Christ for Christ had finally redeem them with his blood.

When Christ sacrifice himself and offered the world the Covenant of Christ. He made use of the festival to establish the church. The Holy Spirit fell on the 120 believers , they spoke in tongues and the crowd gathered to see what was happening. Peter stood up, spoke to the Jews Pilgrim, telling them that Jesus is the Christ.

They performed Baptism on 3000 who believed. Upon Baptism their sins were forgiven and they form the first Church. It is the group of people redeemed by the blood of Christ and part of the kingdom of God.

As far as Christians are concern, there is no longer the need for us to keep this festival. For Christ had given us a better promise far better than what the Mosaic Covenant promised. Today we are pilgrims waiting to inherit the Kingdom of God, it is far better than receiving the land flowing with milk and honey.  That is why we ought to keep the Spirit of the festival and remember the fact that we used to be slaves to sin and now we serve God.

Most importantly, let us strive to pray for the Holy Spirit, which is evidence by tongues speaking. For the Holy Spirit is the seal that guarantees our inheritance in heaven. He is the Spirit of God living within us, teaching us and guiding us in our daily lives.

That is our true Pentecost.

Introduction

In the previous section, we have diagrammed and detailed out the process of manufacturing the ashes used in the purification rite of the Mosaic covenant. We have also read the Torah and understood that the sprinkling of the water had nothing to do with Physical cleanliness.

Mosaic Covenant was very clear about this

“Then a man who is clean shall gather
  up the ashes of the heifer, and store
  them outside the camp in a clean place;
  and they shall be kept for the congregation
  of the children of Israel for the water of
  purification; it is for purifying from sin.”

This is use whenever anyone touches a dead body or carcass. It is also used on unclean tents. It would likely be used also when dealing with lepers and purifying lepers houses. Just before they enter the camp.

This is one of the methods of purifying sin under the Mosaic Covenant.

The Mosaic Rituals Were Prophecies Of Christ

The fact is that the tabernacle under the Mosaic covenant is not like the one that God intended. He had shown his true tabernacle to Moses and what Moses could create is a mere pattern that was modelled after it.

For YHWH said

“And see to it that you make them
  according to the pattern which
  was shown you on the mountain.”- YHWH (Ex 25:40)

God had also likely revealed the same thing to David. For David had given all the plans to his son Solomon (1 Chron 28:11-18) David gave this conclusion

 “All this,the Lord made me understand
   in writing, by His hand upon me, all
   the works of these plans.”-  David (1 Chron 28:19)

The design that they saw is likely recorded by Ezekiel in full details. The measurements are given to Israel to help them be ashamed of their iniquities (Eze 43:10-11).  The actual Tabernacle that God wants is a standard that they can never reach in the Old Testament.

For God wants to dwell together with his people, but he had to set up the Tabernacle as a separation, for the people he dwell among are unclean. All the sin offering, the water of purification is unable to allow God to dwell with his people. That is why he set up the Tabernacle to separate himself from the people. He encamped the Levites around him.

Out of the Levites he separated the family of Aaron and they are the only ones who could enter into his presence once a year on the day of Atonement. The purpose of the day of Atonement is to purify the tabernacle so that Gods presence can continue to dwell in the midst of their uncleanness.

The Fulfilment Of Christ

The Jews believe that the Messiah will be a warrior king that will re-establish the kingdom of David. They believe that the temple will be rebuilt according to the measurement seen by Ezekiel. they believe that God will establish this Davidic Kingdom and the entire nation will worship the one true God.

But Christians believe that the messiah is Jesus, he is to establish the kingdom of David, but the kingdom is not a physical kingdom. Christian believe that the church established by Christ is the Kingdom of the Messiah. Within the Church contains the new covenant   that is better the Mosaic covenant. For in the new Covenant, God can finally live in the hearts of the people. He can rule the hearts of man.

The Jerusalem of the Messiah is the church of God, out of Jerusalem comes water that can heal. It can purify the people and made them right with God that is why the Author of Hebrews, described this new tabernacle like this 

“Then indeed, even the first
  covenant had ordinances of
  divine service and the earthly
  sanctuary … …

  It was symbolic for the present
  time in which both gifts and sacrifices
  are offered which cannot make him
  who performed the service perfect
  in regard to the conscience—
 
concerned only with foods and drinks,
  various washings, and fleshly ordinances
  imposed until the time of reformation.

  But Christ came as High Priest of the
  good things to come, with the greater and
  more perfect tabernacle not made with
  hands, that is, not of this creation.” –Hebrews (9:1.9-11)

The covenant of Christ is one step higher than the covenant of Moses. For now those of the new covenant could enter deeper into the Sanctuary while those who are of the earthy service can only serve a the Holy Place. 

That is why he compared  the ritual of the red heifer and compare them to the sacrifice of Christ.  He drew this conclusion

For if the blood of bulls and
  goats and the ashes of a heifer,
  sprinkling the unclean, sanctifies
  for the purifying of the flesh, 
  how much more shall the blood of
  Christ, who through the eternal Spirit
  offered Himself without spot to God,
  cleanse your conscience from dead
  works to serve the living God?”- (Heb 9:13-14)

This is the basis why Christians compares the sacrifice of the Red Heifers as a prophecy of the Sacrifice of Christ. In those days, the ashes of the heifer is used to purify sin. Today Christians uses the blood of Christ, sprinkled onto us for forgiveness of sin.

Interesting Notes About The Ritual

The entire law of purification is full of the symbolism of the sacrifice of Christ. It is indeed an interesting prophecy of the coming sacrifice of Christ.

1. The Heifer is slaughtered outside the camp
2. The Heifer, High Priest, and the helpers must all go out of the camp
3. The blood is sprinkled 7 times on the entrance of the Tabernacle
4. Everyone involved in making the ash had to be unclean
5. Everyone who touches the water is made unclean 
6. The ash and water is used on both Israelites and strangers (Gentiles) (Num 19:10)
7. The purpose of the ash is to purify one from sin

Let us take sometimes to examine this.

Pt 1 and 2: The Heifer, The Priest, And the helpers must go outside the Camp

The Red Heifer is the only old testament rite that requires animals to be killed outside of camp. If we compare the red Heifer with the other animals sacrifices you will notice the following

1. All Burnt Offerings are killed at the north side of the altar (Lev 1:11)
2. Peace offering are killed before the door of tabernacle (West side) (Lev 3 : 8) 
3. Sin offering are killed before the door of tabernacle (West side) (Lev 4: 4)
           a. Hide, flesh , head, legs, entrails and offal taken outside of camp,  (Lev 4:11-12)
4. On Day of Atonement, the sacrifices are like 1,3 but one goat is released
5. Only in a case of unsolved murder, a heifer will be killed (Deut 21:3-4)

Only the red heifer is killed outside the camp. All other animals offering is not done in the same way. The sacrifice of the Red Heifer must be done outside the camp. In order to manufacture the ashes, everyone had to go outside of camp.

This trial kind of reminded me of how Jesus was led out from Jerusalem to Golgotha to be crucified. It is quite interesting for Jesus is the Heifer to be killed, and he is also the high priest of the new covenant. All of them had to go outside of camp to be sacrificed. The Heifer is killed outside the camp. Its blood is taken and sprinkled at the door of the Tabernacle.

This is the unique action that separates the sacrifice of the red heifer from all other sacrifices.

In the same way, Christians of today must be willing to follow the high priest and the red heifer to go all the way out of the camp in order to save souls. For before the ascension of Christ he instructed us”

Extracted from Acts 1:4-8
And being assembled together with them, He commanded them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the Promise of the Father,

“Which you have heard from Me; 
   for John truly baptized with water,
  but you shall be baptized with the
  Holy Spirit not many days from now.”

The disciples asked

“Lord, will You at this time restore
  the kingdom to Israel?”

Jesus replied

“It is not for you to know times or seasons
  which the Father has put in His own authority.
 
But you shall receive power when the Holy
  Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be
  witnesses to Me in Jerusalem, and in all
  Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth.”

Jesus wanted us to be his witness, in Jerusalem, Judea and Samaria and to the ends of the world. To do so, we must follow the example of the Priest to be willing to leave the camp for the sake of saving people from sin.

Pt 3 Location If The Blood Of The Heifer

When the red Heifer  is killed. The Priest had to collect the blood of the Heifer and bring it back to the Tabernacle. Sprinkle it at a front of the Tabernacle

“and Eleazar the priest shall take
  some of its blood with his finger,
  and sprinkle some of its blood seven
  times directly in front of the tabernacle
  of meeting”- Moses (Num 19:4)

Sprinkling of the blood in front of the tabernacle of meeting, indicate that the blood is sprinkled towards the entrance of the Tabernacle. The tabernacle is only accessible by the Priest and the high priest.

Interestingly, that means to enter the tabernacle, one have to enter through an entrance sprinkled with the blood of the Heifer. if we do a close search of the verse. The blood of the Heifer is the only blood sprinkled there.

In the same way, Jesus is the red Hiefer that was sacrifice outside of camp. It is through his blood the Christians of today could enter the heavenly Tabernacle.  Today we must be baptised in the blood of Christ through baptism in order to enter.

Once God gave elder John a reed to measure

“Then I was given a reed like a measuring rod.
   And the angel stood,  saying, “Rise and measure
  the temple of God, the altar, and those who worship
  there. 
  
But leave out the court which is outside the temple,
  and do not measure it, for it has been given to the
  Gentiles. And they will tread the holy city underfoot
  for forty-two months.” – John (Rev 11:1-2)

John is suppose to measure the temple, the altar (Likely the Altar of Incense as it is in the temple) and the people who worship. Meaning to say measure those who step into the Tabernacle to worship. Through the blood of the Heifer. ‘

We need to receive the blood of Christ to enter into the temple. Only those in the temple are measured by God. 

Pt 4-5 Those who help in the ritual are unclean

In the sacrifice of the Red Hiefer. All those who are involved in the creation of the Ash must be unclean. The High Priest who witness the killing of the heifer and sprinkled the blood onto the tabernacle is unclean. The one who burned the heifer and collect the ashes are all unclean.

In order to purify the people those sprinkled the water of purification are unclean. This is a reminder of Christ sacrifice. How he became unclean and bore our iniquities. Just as what Prophet Isaiah said

“Surely He has borne our griefs
  And carried our sorrows;
  Yet we esteemed Him stricken,
  Smitten by God, and afflicted.
   But He was wounded for our transgressions,
  He was bruised for our iniquities;
  The chastisement for our peace was upon Him,
  And by His stripes we are healed.
   All we like sheep have gone astray;
  We have turned, every one, to his own way;
  And the Lord has laid on Him the iniquity of us all.” – Isaiah (Is 53:4-6)

In order to save Israel from sin, the High Priest must be unclean and cast out from the camp. In the same way, the helpers of the high priest were all made unclean in order to create the ashes necessary to create the water of purification.

In the same way we as Christians are suppose to help the high Priest to deal with sin. We have to be ambassadors in Christ telling people to be reconciled with God. In the process of doing this we may have to suffer together with the high priest. But we have to do it.

We must have the same spirit of those who took part in the ritual of the red heifer. To be willing to go out of the camp and be cast out so that others will be purified.

That is why Paul tells us

“Now then, we are ambassadors for Christ,
  as though God were pleading through us:
  we implore you on Christ’s behalf, be reconciled
  to God.  For He made Him who knew no sin to
   be
sin for us, that we might become the
  righteousness of God in Him.”- Paul (2 Cor 5:20-21)

Pt 6-7  The Users Of The Water Of Purification From Sin

“And the one who gathers the ashes of the
  heifer shall wash his clothes, and be unclean
  until evening. It shall be a statute forever to
  the children of Israel and to the stranger who
  dwells among them.”- Moses (Num 19:10)

Strangers who dwell among them are gentiles and non Jews. While strangers were unable to participate in most of the Mosaic rituals. They can be sprinkled with the water of purification. Interestingly the water of purification is used for the purification from sin (Num 19:9)

This is one of the interestingly prophecy telling us that God had intended to save gentiles from sin. Just as once he spoke through Prophet Micah

“Now it shall come to pass in the latter days
  That the mountain of the Lord’s house
  Shall be established on the top of the mountains,
  And shall be exalted above the hills;
  And peoples shall flow to it.
   Many nations shall come and say,
  “Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the Lord,
  To the house of the God of Jacob;
  He will teach us His ways,
  And we shall walk in His paths.”
  For out of Zion the law shall go forth,
  And the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.”- Micah (Mic 4:1-2)

After Christ sacrifice and the blood was offered. The mountain of the Lord house will be established. Many will flow to it to learn the way of the Lord. This includes both Jews and gentiles alike. they will learn the Law of God taught by Jesus.

In the same way when Christ had raised up the fallen tent of David, when he established the church as the place of salvation. The gentiles will be able to called onto the name of God. As spoken by Amos

“On that day I will raise up
  The tabernacle of David, which has fallen down,
  And repair its damages;
  I will raise up its ruins,
  And rebuild it as in the days of old;
   That they may possess the remnant of Edom,
  And all the Gentiles who are called by My name,”
  Says the Lord who does this thing.””- Amos (Amos 9:11-12)

It is only though the blood of the Red hiefer where sin is being cleanse. This is done on both Jews and gentile alike. That is why the Author of Hebrew tells us

 And according to the law almost all
  things are purified with blood, and
  without shedding of blood there is no
  remission.” – Author of Hebrews (Heb 9:22)

“Christ was offered once to bear the
   sins of many. To those who eagerly
  wait for Him He will appear a second
  time, apart from sin, for salvation.” – Author of Hebrews (Heb 9:28)

In that passage, he sum up both the purification from the blood of the red heifer and the purification on the day of atonement together. As the blood of both sacrifices are meant to deal with sin.

Conclusion

Let us be able to see the prophecies concerning Christ through all these rituals from the Mosaic Covenant. Most importantly let us enter into the covenant with God through the blood of Christ.

The Law is meant to teach us about Christ. Christ had to come to earth to fulfil all these requirements as stipulated in the Mosaic Covenant. When his sacrifice is done he had fulfilled all of them. That is why Christians today do not need to follow the rituals of the Mosaic Covenant. They were all prophecies and lessons about Christ.

We need to see Christ in these ritual and more importantly follow Christ. Let us accept the cleansing form the blood of Christ through baptism, understanding that the sacrifice of the Red heifer is a prophecy concerning Christ.

Let us not be like the Jewish Rabbis who are unable to see Christ in their ritual and are still obsessed with breeding the ultimate Red Heifer. Let us instead follow Christ and be saved.

As it was my custom since 2010, I would specially post a hymn on the 3rd may of the year.  3rd may had always been a special day in my life.

So far I have shared the following hymns

What A Friend I have In Jesus” – May 3rd 2010
“Thanks to God” – May 3rd 2011
“Day By Day” – May 3rd 2012
“All The Way The Savior Leads Me” – May 3rd 2013
“Guide Me O Thou Great Redeemer” – May 3rd 2014
”Tis So Sweet To Trust In Jesus” – May 3rd 2015
”Hold Thou My hand” – May 3rd 2016

Today, with only one hour left in May 3rd. I decided to thank God for all the help he had rendered to me for the past year. I managed to move safely to Vietnam and settle down. Though life is far from perfect, but I was able to see all the grace he had given and how he had protected me from one difficulty to another. He had also entrusted one of his little heritage to my wife and I. We have been caring for him for 8 months now.

So I decided to share this particular hymn, for I know that God had watches over me and will continue to do so.

For God once spoke through Prophet Isaiah

“Can a woman forget her nursing child,
  And not have compassion on the son of her womb?
  Surely they may forget,
  Yet I will not forget you. 
  See, I have inscribed you on the palms of My hands;
  Your walls are continually before Me.” – YHWH (Is 49:15-16)

Therefore God will never forget, he will always be here watching me. Even though difficulties may abound and troubles will increase. God will continue to watch over me. He is ahead of me and he will see me through the difficulties.

My Father Watches Over Me

William C. Martin, pub.1910

  1. I trust in God wherever I may be,
    Upon the land, or on the rolling sea,
    For come what may, from day to day,
    My heav’nly Father watches over me.
    • Refrain:
      I trust in God, I know He cares for me;
      On mountain bleak or on the stormy sea;
      Though billows roll, He keeps my soul;
      My heav’nly Father watches over me.
  2. He makes the rose an object of His care,
    He guides the eagle through the pathless air,
    And surely He remembers me;
    My heav’nly Father watches over me.
  3. I trust in God, for, in the lion’s den,
    On battlefield, or in the prison pen,
    Through praise or blame, through flood or flame,
    My heav’nly Father watches over me.
  4. The valley may be dark, the shadows deep,
    But, oh, the Shepherd guards His lonely sheep;
    And through the gloom He’ll lead me home,
    My heav’nly Father watches over me.

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